Religion Timeline

Main

Abraham: father of Jewish people.

2000 B.C.

Abraham, his family, and their herds made their way to Canaan.

1800 B.C.

The descendants of Abraham moved to Egypt.

1650 B.C.

The Hebrews fled Egypt. Jews call this event the "Exodus,"

1300 B.C. - 1200 B.C.

The Hebrews untied under 3 kings: Saul, David, and Solomon.

1020 B.C - 922 B.C.

The new kingdom was called Israel.

David was succeeded by his son Solomon, whose mother was Bathsheba.

962 B.C. - 922 B.C.

Solomon was the most powerful of the Hebrew kings. He built a trading empire with the help of his friend Hiram. (The king of the Phoenician city of Tyre.)

The kingdom had divided in two.

922 B.C.

Israel was in the north and Judah was in the south.

Disaster finally struck as the two kingdoms lost their independence.

738 B.C.

Both Israel and Judah began paying tribute to Assyria. By paying tribunes Israel and Judah hoped to ensure that the mighty Assyrian empire would not attack.

The Assyrians began a relentless siege of Samaria, the capital of Israel.

725 B.C.

The whole northern kingdom had fallen to the Assyrians' ferocious assault.

722 B.C.

Solomon's temple was destroyed in the Babylonian victory.

586 B.C.

Many of the survivors were exiled to Babylon.

Work of the second temple was completed.

515 B.C.

The walls of Jerusalem were rebuilt.

445 B.C.

Jews were driven out, of the West bank and Gaza Strip.

135 A.D.

The end of the reign of the emeror Marcus Aurelius.

161 A.D. - 180 A.D.

End of two centuries of peace and prosperity known as the Pax Romana.

Marked the end of two centuries of peace and prosperity know as the Pax Romana.

161 A.C. - 180 A.C.

Diocletian, a strong-willed army leader, became the new emperor.

284 A.D.

Because of ill health, Diocletian retired.

305 A.D.

His plans for orderly succession failed. Civil war broke out immediately.

Four rivals were competing for power.

311

Constantine gained control of the western part of the empire.

312 A.C.

Constantine announced an end to the persecution of Christians.

313 A.D.

Constantine moved to solidify further the teachings of Christianity.

325 A.D.

Fall of Rome.

476 A.D.

After the fall of Rome, Europe entered a period of upheaval and chaos, an era in which scholarship suffered.

A Persian scholar named al-Razi.

500 A.D. - 1500 A.D.

He was the greatest physician of the Muslim world and, more than likely, of world civilization.

Muhammad was born.

570 A.C.

Muhammad decided to leave Mecca.

613

The Prophet and 10,000 followers marched to the outskirts of Mecca.

630

Abu- Bakr became first caliph.

632

Abu- Bakr died.

634

Muslim state controlled all of Arabia.

Uthman was murdered.

656

starting a civil war which various groups struggled for power.

Ali was assassinated.

661

The Muslim Empire stretched 6,000 miles.

750

From the Atlantic Ocean to the Indus River.

Rebel groups overthrew the Umayyads.

750

When the Abbasids came to power.

750

The Abbasid caliphate lasted.

750 - 1258

Caliph al-Mansur.

762

Chose the site for his capital on the west bank of the Tigris River.

The Abbasids moved the capital of the empire: Baghdad, in central Iraq.

762

Letter to Zionist leaders.

1917

It talked about creating a Jewish homeland in Palestine while protecting the "rights of existing non-Jewish communities".

The UN General Assembly voted.

1947

For a partition of Palestine into a Palestinian state and a Jewish state.

Israel seized half the land.

1948 - 1949

David Ben Gurion.

1948

long time leader of the Jews in Palestine, announced the creation of an independent Israel.

The second Arab-Israeli war.

1956

Palestinian officials formed the PLO....

1964

to push for the formation of a Palestinian state.

Arab forces inflicted heavy casualties...

1967

and recaptured some of the territory lost.

Yasir Arafat became chairman of the PLO

1969

Carter inited Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin to Camp David...

1978

The Camp David Accords ended 30 years of hostilities btwn. Egypt & Israel.

1979

Became the first signed agreement between Israel and an
Arab country.

A group of Muslim extremists assassinated Sadat.

1981

Palestinians began to express their frustrations in a widespread campaign.

1987

of civil disobedience called intifada or "uprising".

RAbin Arafat signed the agreement...

1993

To grant the Palestinians self-rule in the Gaza Strip & the West Bank.

Assassination of Rabin.

1995

Netanyahu made efforts to keep the agreement.

1997

Netanyahu met with Arafat to work out plans for a partial Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank.

Slow & difficult peace negotiations...

1999

btwn Israel & the Palestinians seemed to get a boost.

U.S. president Bill Clinton hosted a 15-day summit meeting...

2000

at Camp David between Barak and Yasir Arafat.

Ariel Sharon was elected Israeli prime minister.

2001

Palestinian leaders appointed their first-ever prime minister...

2003

high-ranking PLO official, Mahamoud Abbas.