Religion Timeline


Abraham: father of Jewish people.

2000 B.C.

Abraham, his family, and their herds made their way to Canaan.

1800 B.C.

The descendants of Abraham moved to Egypt.

1650 B.C.

The Hebrews fled Egypt. Jews call this event the "Exodus,"

1300 B.C. - 1200 B.C.

The Hebrews untied under 3 kings: Saul, David, and Solomon.

1020 B.C - 922 B.C.

The new kingdom was called Israel.

David was succeeded by his son Solomon, whose mother was Bathsheba.

962 B.C. - 922 B.C.

Solomon was the most powerful of the Hebrew kings. He built a trading empire with the help of his friend Hiram. (The king of the Phoenician city of Tyre.)

The kingdom had divided in two.

922 B.C.

Israel was in the north and Judah was in the south.

Disaster finally struck as the two kingdoms lost their independence.

738 B.C.

Both Israel and Judah began paying tribute to Assyria. By paying tribunes Israel and Judah hoped to ensure that the mighty Assyrian empire would not attack.

The Assyrians began a relentless siege of Samaria, the capital of Israel.

725 B.C.

The whole northern kingdom had fallen to the Assyrians' ferocious assault.

722 B.C.

Solomon's temple was destroyed in the Babylonian victory.

586 B.C.

Many of the survivors were exiled to Babylon.

Work of the second temple was completed.

515 B.C.

The walls of Jerusalem were rebuilt.

445 B.C.

Jews were driven out, of the West bank and Gaza Strip.

135 A.D.

The end of the reign of the emeror Marcus Aurelius.

161 A.D. - 180 A.D.

End of two centuries of peace and prosperity known as the Pax Romana.

Marked the end of two centuries of peace and prosperity know as the Pax Romana.

161 A.C. - 180 A.C.

Diocletian, a strong-willed army leader, became the new emperor.

284 A.D.

Because of ill health, Diocletian retired.

305 A.D.

His plans for orderly succession failed. Civil war broke out immediately.

Four rivals were competing for power.


Constantine gained control of the western part of the empire.

312 A.C.

Constantine announced an end to the persecution of Christians.

313 A.D.

Constantine moved to solidify further the teachings of Christianity.

325 A.D.

Fall of Rome.

476 A.D.

After the fall of Rome, Europe entered a period of upheaval and chaos, an era in which scholarship suffered.

A Persian scholar named al-Razi.

500 A.D. - 1500 A.D.

He was the greatest physician of the Muslim world and, more than likely, of world civilization.

Muhammad was born.

570 A.C.

Muhammad decided to leave Mecca.


The Prophet and 10,000 followers marched to the outskirts of Mecca.


Abu- Bakr became first caliph.


Abu- Bakr died.


Muslim state controlled all of Arabia.

Uthman was murdered.


starting a civil war which various groups struggled for power.

Ali was assassinated.


The Muslim Empire stretched 6,000 miles.


From the Atlantic Ocean to the Indus River.

Rebel groups overthrew the Umayyads.


When the Abbasids came to power.


The Abbasid caliphate lasted.

750 - 1258

Caliph al-Mansur.


Chose the site for his capital on the west bank of the Tigris River.

The Abbasids moved the capital of the empire: Baghdad, in central Iraq.


Letter to Zionist leaders.


It talked about creating a Jewish homeland in Palestine while protecting the "rights of existing non-Jewish communities".

The UN General Assembly voted.


For a partition of Palestine into a Palestinian state and a Jewish state.

Israel seized half the land.

1948 - 1949

David Ben Gurion.


long time leader of the Jews in Palestine, announced the creation of an independent Israel.

The second Arab-Israeli war.


Palestinian officials formed the PLO....


to push for the formation of a Palestinian state.

Arab forces inflicted heavy casualties...


and recaptured some of the territory lost.

Yasir Arafat became chairman of the PLO


Carter inited Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin to Camp David...


The Camp David Accords ended 30 years of hostilities btwn. Egypt & Israel.


Became the first signed agreement between Israel and an
Arab country.

A group of Muslim extremists assassinated Sadat.


Palestinians began to express their frustrations in a widespread campaign.


of civil disobedience called intifada or "uprising".

RAbin Arafat signed the agreement...


To grant the Palestinians self-rule in the Gaza Strip & the West Bank.

Assassination of Rabin.


Netanyahu made efforts to keep the agreement.


Netanyahu met with Arafat to work out plans for a partial Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank.

Slow & difficult peace negotiations...


btwn Israel & the Palestinians seemed to get a boost.

U.S. president Bill Clinton hosted a 15-day summit meeting...


at Camp David between Barak and Yasir Arafat.

Ariel Sharon was elected Israeli prime minister.


Palestinian leaders appointed their first-ever prime minister...


high-ranking PLO official, Mahamoud Abbas.