Published "Meteorologica" in 350 BCE.
Book I, Part I...events that "take place in the region nearest to the motion of the stars." and includes "all the affections we may call common to water and air, and the kinds and parts of the Earth and the affections of its parts."
Book I Part 9: "The exhalation of water is vapor; air condensing into water is a cloud. Mist is what is left over when a cloud condenses into water, and is therefore rather a sign of fine weather than rain."
End of Book I: Origins of Rivers
Most of Book 2: The Sea
Book 3: Rainbows, Mock Suns, Haloes, Other optical phenomena
Book 4: discusses 4 principles (elements) in detail
"...all bodies that move in a circle owe their existence and motion to four principles: fire, air, water, earth."