Palestine vs. Israel History
Abraham made a covenant with God to protect Abraham's family while they moved to Canaan as long as Abraham didn't worship anyone else. In 1800 B.C. his family moved to Canaan.
In 1650 B.C. Abraham's decedents moved to Egypt. While they roamed they were protected because that's what Abraham's covenant promised.
Moses led the enslaved Jews out of Egypt. After he led them out he made a covenant with God that is now known as the Ten Commandments.
The Hebrews moved back to Canaan, their promised land. They became known as the Jews. Hebrews came together under the power of Saul, David, and Solomon. Their kingdom was called Israel.
Solomon taxed too high and forced people to work on his temples. Once he died Northern Israel revolted and became known as Judah, while the south remained Israel.
The Roman's remained independent from the name of Judea until around 6 A.D. That's when they made Judea apart of their empire.
Jesus was born. Many believed he was the savior that God had promised them. He taught, preached, and conducted miracles. He was crucified under a Jewish leader Pontius Pilot. He rose from the dead 3 days after his death.
Christians were persecuted for not believing in the Roman gods.
Constantine, a Roman emperor, stopped persecuting Christians. Later it became the official religion.
Muhammad was a prophet of Allah. He preached the word of Allah and spread the faith of Islam. It started in Mecca. His group moved away and then returned to Mecca. They won several wars to gain their land back.
During holy months caravans of people stopped in Mecca. It was near Ka'aba which was associated with Abraham.
Muhammad spread the beliefs of Islam with the Qur'an and the 5 pillars. They are:
The last of Muhammad's close friends died and the Umayyads took over. They more worried about money than faith. This is when the Muslim faith split into Shi'a, Sunni, and Sufi.