The book of Genesis says that God told Abraham to move his people to Canaan. He took his family and their herds and moved there.
After living in Canaan, the decedents of Abraham moved to Egypt.
The Hebrews fled Egypt. The Jews call this even "The Exodus". They remember it during Passover.
Solomon becomes king. His father was David, his mother was Bathsheba. He helped the kingdom build a trading empire with the help of his friend Hiram. He built a large temple. It was there to glorify God. It was the permanent home for the Ark of the Covenant.
After Solomon dies, the Jews in the northern part of the kingdom revolted. Israel was in the North, Judah was in the South.
For 200 years after the division of the country, Judah and Israel fought each other, and sometimes joined together and fought. Each of the kingdoms had periods of prosperity, followed by low periods of conflict and decline.
Israel and Judah pay tribute (peace money paid by a weaker power to a stronger power) to try and keep the Assyrians from attacking them.
The Assyrians start to attack and siege of Samaria, which is the capital of Israel. The northern kingdom fell to Assyrians by 722 B.C. The Southern part of Judah resisted for another 150 years before it too was destroyed.
Abu-Bakr dies, he was one of the "rightly guided" caliphs.
Uthman was murdered.
Ali, the son-in law of Muhammad