one of the Seven Wise Men
predicted the eclipse
enduring universe principle "all is water"
Spread Quickly, eventually all over the known world
new method for acquiring knowledge, expanded mathematics
claimed to remember being four other men
inventor of the idea of the music of the spheres
things are numbers and numbers are things
the inventor of Drama
introduced the second actor in plays
wrote history or Researches as he called it
a great traveler
excellent questioner that wrote nothing
cheerfulness as an important good
wrote 70 books
infinite number of worlds
daily laws in uses by the West until invaded by Barbarians
cornerstone for future democracies and laws
founded the academy in Athens in 387
Platos most famous pupil
taught us to reason about the world we see and know
invented the science of logic
Voluminous author and leading lawyer
Simple rule of "always do the right thing"
wrote "On the Nature of Things"
wanted to bring philosophy down to the human level
de facto leader of Rome for 8 years after the death of Claudius in 54
tried to keep alive the great tradition of Greek drama and philosophy
wrote the "Histories" and the "Annals"
Father was a Caesar
famously won the battle at Milvan Bridge
deeply committed Christian
wrote "Confessions" and "the City of God"
Bishop of Hippo
started with the fall of the Roman empire of the West
named originally for being unknowable and the prospects of life were bleak
Wrote "the consolation of Philosophy"
translated "organon" by Plato
famous quote "as far as you are able, join faith to reason"
Three main challenges being survival, protection, and God(most important)
Civil peace is the hardest condition to achieve in a civil state
Omar the second Caliph conquered Alexandria the capital of the world of scholarship
Wrote "The Book of Healing" and "The Canon of Medicine"
"Sic et Non"(yes or no) a book of contradictions and solutions
"Seito te Ipsum"(Know thyself) Sin is in intentions not deeds
reason over faith
"whence arises the love of God? From God and what is the nature of this love? To love without measure."
Commentaries on Aristotle's works
Plato's republic (republic was the ideal state)
philosophy's task to know about natures
he advanced the idea of two truths
Doctrine of Universals
-real existence of Universals(realists)
-real things were things(nominalists)
Crucial importance of ones' life
wrote about his journies in "Il Milione"
spent 25 years in exile
Wrote "the Divine Comedy"
God is absolutely free, free of reason's necessity
crowned poet laureate in Rome in 1340
greatest desire was to see the rebirth of Greece and Rome
considered to be the start of the renaissance
Gothic Sculptures revivified the arts(realism)
Rebirth of certain values: Classical Learning, The Renaissance, Renaissance Humanism)
Wrote Decameron(cycle of short stories)
wrote in Italian to elevate it to the golden age
plotted a route to the "Indies"
Found the Bahamas thinking he found India
17 paintings many of which are unfinished
Vision of the END OF THE WORLD
rest was not the supreme principle, restlessness and force were
On the dignity of man-man is the center of the universe
not as serious as Luther
"In praise of Folly" foolishness, pompousness of the world
Erasmus Best friend(man for all seasons)
"Utopia" golden little book
Sailed through the strait of Magellan and being crossing the pacific ocean
after 99 days on sea found the Philippines
Professor of theology at the University of Wittenburg
10/31/1517 reformation, 95 thesis
"Here I stand, I can do no other!"
Had Thomas Cromwell disband the monasteries
1532 declared himself head of the English Church
advancement of learning
"I take all knowledge for my province"