Russian Revolution

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Nicholas I takes over.

December 1, 1825 - March 2 1855

Nicholas I crushed the revolt and ruled as an autocrat ruler. In his 30 years as ruler, 500 peasant uprisings are crushed, he also put a censorship, limited education, and formed a secret police.

Decembrist Revolt

December 26, 1825

3,000 soldiers were led in a protest, by the Russian army officers, to protest against Nicholas I’s succession instead of his older brother Constantine because he removed himself from the line of succession. The rebels were called the Decembrists because these events occurred in December.

Alexander II takes the throne

March 2 1855 - March 13 1881

He was known as the reform czar who freed the serfs in 1861 which led to communal farms called Mir. He also made public trials, zemstovs, and expanded education.

Alexander III takes throne

March 13 1881 - November 1 1894

He rejected reforms, reduced the power of zemstovs, and adopted pogroms. His main goal was russification, or making a country more Russian.

Nicholas II takes the throne.

November 1 1894 - March 15 1917

He was a mediocre man who married Alexandra, a German Princess. He was the last emperor of Russia who left his wife in charge. Many people opposed this because Russia was against Germany.

Russia's defeat in Russo-Japanese War

February 8 1904 - September 5 1905

This was a war between Russia and Japanese over Manchuria and Korea. Russia was badly defeated by Japanese proving that they were behind and needed modernization.

1905 Revolution

January 22 1905 - June 16 1907

The 1905 Revolution was led by George Gapon who wanted to personally hand petition to the Czar. The goal of the unarmed workers were Constitutional Assembly, universal suffrage and education, and minimum wage; 8 hour work days.

Bloody Sunday

January 22 1905

It was a strike of workers at St. Petersburg, Russia. This marked the beginning of the violent phase of the Russian Revolution of 1905

October Manifest

October 1905

Issued by the Tsar, the October Manifest put an end to the bitter 1905 Revolution. It granted basic civil rights and liberties to Russian citizens

Massive Strikes after Bloody Sunday

October 7 1905 - October 17 1905

This increased actions and threats from the Bolsheviks in St. Petersburg. These massive strikes brought the czar back to Russia to help deal with Russia's struggles.

Forming of the Duma

May 10 1906

The Duma served as a second governing body to aid the czar, but it was very weak and suffered difficulties later. It was created by the Tsar of Russia.

World War I 1914

July 28 1914 - November 11 1918

WWI made it hard for Russia to fight because Russia's second army was defeated at the Battle of Tannenberg. The Russian Revolution removed Russia from the war and transformed it into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)

Battle of Tannenberg

August 23 1914 - August 30 1914

This battle, between Germany and Russia, was a disaster for Russia. Russia's second army fought in this battle. In the first year of war, Russia has 4 million soldiers killed, wounded, or captured.

Bread Riot

February 24 1917

People were stealing bread and the government sent the military to attempt to stop them. Women were waiting an average of 40 hours a week in bread lines to get some bread for their families.

Murder of the loyal family

July 17 1918

The Romanov, the royal fmaily of Russia, were brought to the basement and murdered one by one. Lenin was the one to order the execution of the Russian Imperial Romanov family.