Nicholas I crushed the revolt and ruled as an autocrat ruler. In his 30 years as ruler, 500 peasant uprisings are crushed, he also put a censorship, limited education, and formed a secret police.
3,000 soldiers were led in a protest, by the Russian army officers, to protest against Nicholas I’s succession instead of his older brother Constantine because he removed himself from the line of succession. The rebels were called the Decembrists because these events occurred in December.
He was known as the reform czar who freed the serfs in 1861 which led to communal farms called Mir. He also made public trials, zemstovs, and expanded education.
He rejected reforms, reduced the power of zemstovs, and adopted pogroms. His main goal was russification, or making a country more Russian.
He was a mediocre man who married Alexandra, a German Princess. He was the last emperor of Russia who left his wife in charge. Many people opposed this because Russia was against Germany.
This was a war between Russia and Japanese over Manchuria and Korea. Russia was badly defeated by Japanese proving that they were behind and needed modernization.
The 1905 Revolution was led by George Gapon who wanted to personally hand petition to the Czar. The goal of the unarmed workers were Constitutional Assembly, universal suffrage and education, and minimum wage; 8 hour work days.
It was a strike of workers at St. Petersburg, Russia. This marked the beginning of the violent phase of the Russian Revolution of 1905
Issued by the Tsar, the October Manifest put an end to the bitter 1905 Revolution. It granted basic civil rights and liberties to Russian citizens
This increased actions and threats from the Bolsheviks in St. Petersburg. These massive strikes brought the czar back to Russia to help deal with Russia's struggles.
The Duma served as a second governing body to aid the czar, but it was very weak and suffered difficulties later. It was created by the Tsar of Russia.
WWI made it hard for Russia to fight because Russia's second army was defeated at the Battle of Tannenberg. The Russian Revolution removed Russia from the war and transformed it into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
This battle, between Germany and Russia, was a disaster for Russia. Russia's second army fought in this battle. In the first year of war, Russia has 4 million soldiers killed, wounded, or captured.
People were stealing bread and the government sent the military to attempt to stop them. Women were waiting an average of 40 hours a week in bread lines to get some bread for their families.
The Romanov, the royal fmaily of Russia, were brought to the basement and murdered one by one. Lenin was the one to order the execution of the Russian Imperial Romanov family.