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Re-emergence of serfdom in eastern Europe

1400 - 1650

Chapter 17

Slave Trade Flourishes

1420 - 1485

Chapter 13- Slave trade, mostly amoungst the Africas and Americas; Europeans take advantage of primitive peoples

CharlesVII revives France+monarchy

1422 - 1461

Chapter 13- after disaray, monarchy is restored

Medici family in power in Florence

1434 - 1494

Chapter 13- Family of wealth bankers almost full out rule Florence, Italy through vaste wealth; support arts.

Invention of movable type

1454

Chapter 13-enables the printing press to work far faster and enables it to produce more than one kind of book

Gutenberg's Bible

1456

Chapter 13-Gutenberg publishes first readily avalible bible via printing press

Reign of Ivan III in Russia

1462 - 1505

Chapter 17 during reign he tripled the territory of his stateand laid the foundations of the Russian state. He was one of the longest-reigning Russian rulers in history.

Marriage of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon

1469

Chapter 13

Union of Burgundy and Habsburg dynasties

1477

Chapter 14

Invasion of Italy by Charles VIII of France

1494

Chapter 13

High Renaissance

1500 - 1527

Chapter 13-period of exceptional artistic production in the Italian states, principally Rome, capital of the Papal States, under Pope Julius II.

Pope Julius II begins work on Saint Peter's Basilica

1506

Chapter 13-most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and one of the largest churches in the world. Considered one of the holiest churches ever built.

Michelangelo paints Sistine Chapel

1508 - 1512

Chapter 13- Atop a scafolding, the brilliant painter Michelangelo painted 1,100 m2 (12,000 sq ft) of the chapel ceiling.

Changes between Europe and Americas cause migrations(people.fauna.flora.disease)

1510 - 1650

Chapter 15- Disease produced by weak imunity to new diseases, new discoveries brought back to mainland.

Machiavelli, The Prince

1513

Chapter 13- Written as an an instruction on how one could conquer Italy.

Erasmus publishes Greek New Testament

1516

Chapter 13- Allowed common people to finally read the New Testament for themselves, opposed to listening to a preist.

More, Utopia

1516

Chapter 13

Martin Luther, "Ninety-five Theses on the Power of Indulgences"

1517

Chapter 14- Martin Luther critisizes the Catholic church for "malpractice" this caused a massive uprour and sparked the Protestant Reformation.

Spanish under Cortes conquer Mexico

1519 - 1522

Chapter 15- Expedition under Cortez spells the end for the Aztec empire.

Diet of Worms

1521

Chapter 14

Charles V's war v.s Valois kings

1521 - 1555

Chapter 14

Start of the Habsburg-Valois Wars

1521

Chapter 13

Peasants Revolt in Germany

1525

Chapter 14- due to Martin Luther's critisims, peasants began revolting agianst Catholic leadership

Turkish victory at Mohacs leads to spread of Protestantism in Hungary

1526

Chapter 14

Henry VIII asks Pope Clement VII to annul his marriage with Catherine of Aragon

1527

Chapter 14

Castiglione, The Courtier

1528

Chapter 13- describes life of a courtier in the court of a King

Spanish under Pizarro conquer Peru

1531 - 1536

Chapter 15

Reign of Ivan the Terrible in Russia

1533 - 1584

Chapter 17

Scientific Revolution

1540 - 1690

Chapter 18- Rapid progression in scientific knowlege

John Calvin, Genevan Catechism

1541

Chapter 14

Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office and the Roman Inquisition

1542

Chapter 14

Copernicus, On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres

1543

Chapter 18- Radical at the time, his study claimed that the earth was not the center of the universe, but the sun was.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Chapter 14

Reign of Mary Tudor and temporary restoration of Catholicism in England

1553 - 1558

Chapter 14

Peace of Augsburg

1555

Chapter 14

Reign of Queen Elizabeth in England

1558 - 1603

Chapter 14

Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis

1559

Chapter 15

Height of the European witch-hunt

1560 - 1660

Chapter 15-Due to all the religious upheaval of the time, many people belived a good deal of women were witches, who they proceeded to kill.

Price Inflation in Europe

1560 - 1600

Chapter 15

Life of Galileo

1564 - 1642

Chapter 18

Life of William Shakespeare

1564 - 1616

Chapter 15

Civil war in Netherlands

1568 - 1578

Chapter 15

Life of Kepler

1571 - 1630

Chapter 18

Saint Bartholomew's Day massacre

1572

Chapter 15

Mary; Queen of Scots beheaded for assassination plot of Queen Elizibeth

1587

Chapter 15

Spanish Armada defeated

1588

Chapter 15

Edict of Nates

1598

Chapter 15

Dutch East India Company founded

1602

Chapter 15

Publication of King James Bible

1611

Chapter 15- King Jame's own version of the Bible is published in English for all to read

Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

Chapter 15

Growth of absolutism in Austria and Prussia

1620 - 1740

Chapter 17- the complete and utter rule of a king or queen grows

Habsburgs crush Protestantism in Bohemia

1620

Chapter 17

Reign of Fredrick William in Prussia

1640 - 1688

Chapter 17

Growth of Atlantic economy

1650 - 1790

Chapter 19

Agricultural Revolution

1650 - 1850

Chapter 19

British Navigation Acts

1651 - 1663

Chapter 19

Nikon reforms Russian Orthodox church

1652

Chapter 17

Rise of British mercantilism

1652 - 1674

Chapter 19

Anglo-Dutch Wars

1652 - 1674

Chapter 19

Royal Society of London founded

1662

Chapter 18

Cossack revolt led by Razin

1670 - 1671

Chapter 17

Construction of baroque palaces

1680 - 1750

Chapter 17

Habsburgs defeat Turks

1683 - 1718

Chapter 17

Newton, Principia and law of Universal Gravitation

1687

Chapter 18

ca Enlightenment

1690 - 1780

Chapter 19

Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding

1690

Chapter 18

Life of Voltaire

1694 - 1778

Chapter 18

Rococo style in art and decoration

1700 - 1789

Chapter 18

Expansion of rural industry in Europe

1700 - 1790

Chapter 19

Height of the Atlantic slave trade

1700 - 1790

Chapter 19

Growth of book publishing

1700 - 1789

Chapter 18

Mercantilist wars of empire

1701 - 1763

Chapter 19- contries fight over control of the worlds economies

War of the Spanish Succession

1701 - 1713

Chapter 19

Peter the Great founds St. Petersburg

1702

Chapter 17- Founds new capital near water, hundreds die in the building

Prussian military grows

1713 - 1740

Chapter 17

Attendance of elementary schools mandatory in Prussia

1717

Chapter 20

Government-run foundling homes established

1720 - 1780

Chapter 20- due to the population boom, these were needed to reduce death tole

Last bubonic plague in Europe

1721 - 1722

Chapter 19

Reign of Maria Theresa in Austria

1740 - 1780

Chapter 20

Reign of Fredrick the Great in Prussia

1740 - 1786

Chapter 20

War of the Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Chapter 19

Illegitimacy explosion

1750 - 1850

Chapter 20

Enlightened absolutists

1750 - 1790

Chapter 18

Rise of economic liberalism

1750 - 1790

Chapter 19

Diderot and d'Alembert, Encyclopedia

1751 - 1765

Chapter 18

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

Chapter 19

Madame du Coudray "Manual on the Art of Childbirth"

1757

Chapter 20

Reign of Catherine the Great of Russia

1762 - 1790

Chapter 18

Rousseau, The Social Contract

1762

Chapter 18

Boston Tea Party

1773

Chapter 21

Paine, Common Sense

1775

Chapter 21

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

Chapter 20

Smith, Wealth of Nations

1776

Chapter 19

Industrial Revolution

1780 - 1830

Chapter 22

Reign of Joseph II of Austria

1780 - 1790

Chapter 18

Financial crisis in France

1786 - 1789

Chapter 21

Ratification of U.S. Constitution

1789

Chapter 21

Feudalism abolished in France

1789

Chapter 21

Storming of the Bastille

1789

Chapter 21

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Chapter 20-Peasants rebel against monarchy due to economic conditions and rights movements.

Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France

1790

Chapter 21

Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

1792

Chapter 21

Robspierre's Reign of Terror

1793 - 1794

Chapter 21- He took control of the French government and used the treat and actual execution to kill everyone who stood in his way.

Thermadorian Reaction

1794 - 1799

Chapter 21

Jenner performs first smallpox vaccination

1796

Chapter 20

Napoleonic era

1799 - 1815

Chapter 20-French Era in which Napoleon ruled as emperor, controling everything.

British Slave trade abolished

1807

Chapter 19

Napoleon invades Russia

1812

Chapter 21

Napoleon defeated and exiled

1814 - 1815

Chapter 21

Holy Alliance Formed

1815

Chapter 23

Stephenson's Rocket, Rail road

1830

Chapter 22

Great Famine in Ireland

1845 - 1851

Chapter 23- Great Potato famine in Ireland where a disease killed a huge percentage of the countries potatoes, killing thousands and fourcing them to leave the country.