Colombia

Main

La Violencia

1946 - 1958

A period of violent uprising which claimed thousands of lives.

Marxist guerrilla groups organized

1960 - 1970

Groups like the may 19th movement(M-19), the National Liberation Army(ELN), and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia(FARC) create and atmosphere of violence and instability.

Drug Cartels virtually run the country

1970 - 1980

Columbia becomes one of the international centers for illegal frug production and trafficking.

Belizario Beranvur Cuartas wins the presidency

1982

Cuartas unsuccessfully tried to eliminate the guerrilla violence

Homicide is the leading cause of death

1989

Cesar Gaviria Trujillo elected president

1990

Right wing Paramilitary groups formed

1990 - 2000

Lead by the umbrella group United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia these groups were made up of drug traffickers and landowners.

Ernesto Samper became president

1994

Samper accused of accepting campaign money from drug traffickers

1996

House of Representatives dropped the charges

Andres Pastrana Arngo elected president

1998

Murder rate soared

1999

23,000 reported killed in the year.

2,787 people kidnapped in the year

December 1999

Announced by the Colombian military. Largest number in the world

U.S. "Plan Colombia" approved

August 2000

This pledged $1.3 billion from the US to fight the drug trafficking in Colombia.