The social hierarchy of France. It featured peasants, bourgeoisie, and merchants in the bottom, Nobles as the second estate, and the church was on top
Louis XVI as an absolute monarch did not do a good job at keeping France in prosperity. He and Marie Antoinette spent money lavishly on unnecessary things such as parties and dresses. He also did not listen to his advisor, John Nekor and France’s debt spiraled out of control. This lead to the 3rd estate not having food and revolting against him.
Tennis Court Oath
The 3rd estate were locked out of their meeting room before the estate general meeting. They then took an oath to keep meeting in a tennis court until a new constitution was in place. This new constitution was called the Declaration of the Rights of Man. It featured equality for all French men.
Storming of the Bastille
July 14, 1789
The people of Paris stormed the Bastille and brutalized the guards in order to gain gunpowder and supplies. This marked the start of the revolution.
Reign of Terror
1790 - 1792
The Jacobins has control of the new French government under the control of Maximillian Robespierre. He spread paranoia and fear throughout France and executed anyone suspected of going against the revolution.
Beheading of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette
January 21, 1793
The revolutionaries arrested the king and queen under the charge of treason against France. They were promptly executed and France celebrated the death of their monarchs.
Napoleon comes to power
A coup d’état was performed and Napoleon took charge
1804 - 1815
A series of wars that Napoleon started to gain land and territory.
Congress of Vienna
Prussia, Russia and other countries come together to restore Europe to before the Napoleonic Wars. They also weakened France so they will not attack again and restored the Monarchies
Napoleon’s Defeat at Waterloo
Napoleon’s final defeat in battle. He was then banished to an Island off the coast of Africa until he died in 1821