Untitled timeline

Imperial Mosquitos

The Dutch in Brazil

1624 - 1654

The English in Jamaica

1655 - 1660

The Scots at Darien

1698 - 1699

The French at Kourou

1763 - 1764

Events

Piet Heyn took Spanish treasure fleet

1628

92

Dutch returned to Brazil

1630

92

Dutch controlled most of NE Brazil

1635

94

union of Portuguese and Spanish crowns ended

1640
  1. Dutch remained at war with Spain but made peace, followed by an alliance with Portugal. Still, the Dutch refused to leave Brazil, owing to investments in sugar production.

Luso-Brazilians revolted

1645
  1. Luso-Brazilians revolted against the Dutch. The locals were better acclimated to local diseases than were Dutch forces.

yellow fever in Jamaica

1647 - 1652
  1. Venable's solders might have had yellow fever. But in 1655, Jamaica, with no real cities or sugar plantations, made falciparum malaria a more likely suspect despite the unusually high mortality.

Dutch lost Recife, Brazil and surrendered

1654
  1. The Dutch lost their capital, Recife, Brazil. A garrison of 7,000 shrank to 1,300. The Dutch surrendered.

Cromwell attacked Santo Domingo

April 1655
  1. Unpromising army. 1,000 Englishmen and only 40 defenders died.

Cromwell attacked Jamaica

May 1655
  1. Jamaica: minor outpost of the Spanish Empire, strategically important because it lay upwind of treasure fleet routes. Invading English outnumbered the entire Jamaican population 3 to 1.

5,000 / 9,000 Englishmen died

1656

101.

2,200 / 10,000 troops remained

1660
  1. By 1660, when English hold was secure and army's health sound, only 2,200 troops remained of the roughly 10,000 committed to the Jamaica campaign.

Revolutions

St. Domingue

1790 - 1804

New Granada

1815 - 1820

Mexico, U.S., Cuba

1830 - 1898