Chapter 18

Main

Nicolaus Copernicus

1473 - 1543

Copernicus Works On His Heliocentric Theory

1506 - 1530

The Scientific Revolution

1540 - 1690

Copernicus Dies

1543

Copernicus Publishes "On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres"

1543

Tycho Brahe

1546 - 1601

Francis Bacon

1561 - 1626

Galileo Galieo

1564 - 1642

Johannes Kepler

1571 - 1630

A New Star Appears

1572

Brahe Established Himself As Europe's Leading Astronomer

1572

A New Comet Moved Through The Sky

1577

Rene Descartes

1596 - 1650

Kepler Demonstrates that the Orbits Around the Sun Are Elliptical

1609

The Catholic Church Officially Declares the Copernicus Hypothesis False

1616

Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

Kepler Relates a planet's Orbit is Related to Its Distance From the Sun

1619

Rene Descartes Experienced a Life Changing Intellectual Vision

1619

The Issue of Galileo's Work was Presented to Pope Urban VIII

1624

"Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of the World" by Galileo

1632

The Trial of Galileo

1633

Isaac Newton

1642 - 1727

Pierre Bayle

1647 - 1706

Bernard de Fontanelle

1657 - 1757

The Royal Society of London is Established

1662

Peter III Comes to the Russian Throne

1672

Duke of Oreleans

1674 - 1723

Newton Returned to Physics

1684

Louis XIV Expels the French Huguenots

1685

"Conversations on the Plurality of Worlds" by Fontanelle

1686

"Mathematical Principals of Natural Philosophy" Is Published by Newton

1687

The Publication of Newton's "Principia"

1687

Baron de Montesquieu

1689 - 1755

Locke Published "Essay Concerning Human Understanding"

1690

Locke Published "Second Treatise of Civil Government"

1690

The Enlightenment

1690 - 1780

Francois Marie Arouet "Voltaire"

1694 - 1778

"Historical and Critical Dictionary" by Bayle is Published

1697

Growth of Book Publishing

1700 - 1789

Gabrielle Emilie Le Tonnelierde Breteuil, Marquise du Chatelet

1706 - 1749

David Hume

1711 - 1776

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1712 - 1778

Denis Diderot

1713 - 1784

The Death of Louis XIV

1715

Louis XV

1715 - 1774

The Duke Restored the Right to Evaluate Royal Decrees Publicly

1715

Jean Le Rond d'Alembert

1717 - 1783

Voltaire was Imprisoned in the Bastille

1717

Rococo Style in Art and Decoration

1720 - 1780

Montesquieu's "The Persian Letters" was Published

1721

Baron d'Holbach

1723 - 1789

Immanuel Kant

1724 - 1804

Voltaire is Beaten and Arrested

1726

Moses Mendelssohn

1729 - 1786

Charles VI Dies

1740

Frederick II

1740 - 1786

War of Spanish Succession

1740 - 1748

Maria Theresa

1740 - 1780

Salons Led by Elite Women

1740 - 1780

Elizabeth Comes to the Russian Throne

1741

The First Volume of Encyclopedia is Published

1741

Maria Theresa is Forced to Cede Almost All of Silesia To Prussia

1742

Marie-Jean Caritot, the Marquis de Condorcet

1743 - 1794

Voltaire is Appointed Royal Historian

1743

Montesquieu's "The Spirit of Laws"

1748

Louis XV Appointed a Finance Minister who Decreed a 5% Income Tax

1748

Enlightened Absolutists

1750 - 1790

The Encyclopedia is Completed

1756

Catherine the Great of Russia

1762 - 1796

Rousseau's "The Social Contract"

1762

Peter Comes to the Throne of Russia

1762

The Wartime Taxes are Withdrawn

1764

Catherine Appointed a Special Legislative Commission to Prepare a New Law Code

1767

Catherine's Armies Scored Unprecedented Victories agains the Turks

1768 - 1772

Louis XV Appoints Rene de Maupes as Chancellor

1768

d'Holbach's "System of Nature"

1770

The First Partition of Poland

1772

Emelian Pugachev Sparks an Uprising of Serfs

1773

Louis XV Dies

1774

Louis XVI

1774 - 1792

Joseph II

1780 - 1790

Joseph II Abolishes Sefdom

1781

Catherine Formalized the Nobility's Privileged Position

1785

Jospeh II Decreed that All Peasant Labor Obligations Be Changed to Cash Payments

1789

Leopold II

1790 - 1792

Caritat's "Progress of the Human Mind"

1793

The Second Partition of Poland

1793

The Third Partition of Poland

1795