Unit 1 Summative Perspective Timeline

By: Saranki Sivan

Aboriginal Perspective

Potlatch

1000 BCE - 1884

A ceremony shared by all Pacific Coast Peoples, in which the chief of one lineage if nation invited outside dignitaries ti a celebration which combined feasting, dancing, singing, and finished with the chief giving his guests gifts according to rank.

Thule Migration To Canada

1000 CE

The Thule (Inuit) were the last of the Aboriginal Peoples to migrate to Canada. They migrated from Siberia and Alaska, replaced the Dorset, and occupied the Canadian Arctic.

Alliance Between Mi'kmaq & Champlain

1605

Membertou was the Chief of the Mi’kmaq peoples at the time of Samuel de Champlain’s arrival and was respected by the French. The Mi’kmaq placed great emphasis on hospitality. They welcomed the French and offered their assistance in finding food, learning survival techniques, and in Champlain’s explorations down the coast of the Atlantic seaboard. When Port Royal was abandoned in 1607, it was left under the care of Membertou.

European Perspective

John Cabot's Arrival

1497

John Cabot was the first European to discover Canada in 1497. He discovered Newfoundland on his first voyage and when returning from his second voyage, he disappeared and was never found.

De Monts Establishes a French Colony in Acadia

1604

Pierre du Gua de Monts left France for Acadia to establish a French colony and permanent trading post. He brought Samuel de Champlain with him. They were unprepared for the harsh Canadian winter and almost half of the settlers died.

Port Royal

1605

De Monts and Champlain moved their settlement to Port Royal. Having learned from their previous experiences, they built a settlement more suitable for sustaining them over the long, cold winter.

Quebec

1608

Champlain established a settlement in New France which he called the Habitation of Quebec. Quebec would be the major centre for French colonial power until it was lost to the English in 1760.

Beothuk Tragedy

1823 - 1829

Very little is known about the Beothuk. Contact between Europeans and the Beiothuk led to conflict and the Beothuk became extinct. Shawnadithit, a young woman who was discovered by the Europeans in 1823 and who died in 1829, is thought to be the last Beothuk.