During Nicholas II reign, the workers and peasant had lived under extreme poverty. Russia had scarcities of food and few supplies and weapons in the army.
Tsar Nicholas II sent out troops and they murdered peaceful strikers in St. Petersburg. The estimated amount of deaths were 500-1000. The aftermath of this event was that people revolted all over the country. The Tsar made the Duma, which was a legislature, for the wealthy to vote.
The 1905 Revolution
January 22, 1905 - July 16, 1907
The 1905 Revolution happened because of the Russo-Japanese war. The defeat of the war led citizens to realize that their ruler was flawed. The workers and peasant in Russia lived in poverty and had food shortages
1917 - March 1917
Workers revolted all over Russia because of food shortages and soldiers refused to fire on them. Since the soldiers refused to fire at them, Nicholas II realized he had no actual power and resigned as Russia's leader. The people in Duma declared Russia as a Republic.
Lenin and the Great October Revolution
October 1917 - November 1917
Lenin promised his supporters, Bolsheviks, that there would be peace, food, and land for homes. His supporters began a Revolution in November of 1917. The Bolsheviks renamed themselves Communists and Russia became known as the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union Under Lenin
March 1921 - 1924
Lenin wanted to keep the Bolsheviks in power, all while keeping the peasants satisfied. This led him to allow small private ownership in agriculture and manufacturing, while the government controlled the biggest industries.