The Battle of Guinea took place on the Gulf of Guinea, in western Africa, 1478, between a Portuguese fleet and a Castilian fleet in the context of the War of the Castilian Succession.
The exchange between Europe and the Americas includes many animals (horses, cattle), plants (potatoes, corn), diseases (small pox, syphilis) as well as people
The Jamestown settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas.
Galileo Galilei becomes the first to observe Saturn's rings with his 20-power telescope.
Mostly a religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics. It gradually involved most European powers, becoming one of the largest wars of the time.
Locke was an English philosopher that came up with many of the ideas that were used in the US Constitution, including a representative government and putting a limit on the power of the government.
The Great Plague, lasting from 1665 to 1666, was the last major epidemic of the bubonic plague to occur in England.