The Beginning of Cold War and the 1950's

Happy Days and the Beginning of the Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights Movement

Brown vs Board of Topeka, Kansas

1950 - 1954

Oliver Brown and his African American daughter lived in Topeka, Kansas. Brown's daughter had been going to an all black school a couple miles away and he was angered because the school he lived right next to wouldn't allow black kids. Furious, Brown to the case to Supreme Court and two years later, they ruled no more school segregation.

NAACP

1955 - 1956

The Civil Right group that helped with The Montgomery Bus Boycott. New leader was the baptist Martin Luther King JR.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955 - 1956

In Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks boarded a bus at sat in the front. The Next stop a White man Approached her and told her to move to the back of the bus where the blacks were supposed to sit. She refused; was then arrested and went to jail. Once other African Americans heard about this they got every black person to boycott the buses. The Bus companies eventually lost so much they gave in and allowed non-segregated buses.

Cold War

Harry Truman's Presidency

1945 - 1953

After FDR's death, his vice Harry Truman entered office. Truman finished WWll with a big "bang". Afterwards, he had some goals for the U. S. called the Fair Deal

Marshall Plan

1947 - 1948

The US gave 12 billion dollars to Western Europe to help boost other countries economies. We did this because we figured that poor people like the idea of communism and if there is less poor people then the spread of communism will descend

Berlin Airlift

1948 - 1949

Joseph Stalin, Russian Communist Leader, had Isolated West Berlin from the rest of the world turning it communist. American then sent payloads(planes) to West Berlin to supply food and clothing. This went on for about a year.

NATO

1949 - 1950

A group of Non-Communist countries trying to prevent the spread of communism

Warsaw Pact

1949 - 1950

An Alliance between Eastern Europe and the USSR. Defense against anti-communist countries

Nikita Khrushchev

1953 - 1954

After J. Stalin died, Nikita Khrushchev becomes the new communist leader of the USSR.

Mcfarland

McFarland Kindergarten Opened

1956 - 1957

Mcfarland Kindergarten Opened

Other

22nd Amendment

1951 - 1952

The 22nd Amendment stated that a president couldn't stay in office for more than two terms.