The Xia Dynasty was the first dynasty in China, it was the start of a centralized government and the beginning of a Class society.
1600 BC - 1046 BC
During the Shang Dynasty was when major technological advancements were made in China, such as craftsmanship in bronze and ceramics. Writing systems were made in the Shang Dynasty, and during this time was also when military advancements were made.
1046 BC - 256 BC
The Zhou Dynasty was known for 2 major Chinese philosophies, Confucianism and Taoism.
221 BC - 207 BC
The Qin Dynasty was known for its feats of engineering which include the Great Wall, the Terracotta Army, Dujiangyan Irrigation System, the Lingqu Canal and many more. This was also when the idea of heaven to rule China was introduced.
206 BC - 220 AD
The Han Dynasty was the golden age for China. It was a time of peace and prosperity and much Chinese culture was established during this period.