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Ch 20 Sect 1, 2, & 3
Columbus sets sail and lands in the Americas.
Columbus hit resistance in his want to conquer St. Croix.
Columbus returns to Spain, then embarks on his second voyage.
Treaty of Tordesillias signed.
European colonists in Americas began using enslaved Africans.
Nearly 300,000 Africans were transported to the Americas.
1500 - 1600
Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral claimes modern-day Brazil.
Spain is richest, most powerful nation in the world.
1500 - 1600
German mapmaker names America after Amerigo Vespucci.
Juan Ponce de Leon lands on Florida and claims it for Spain.
Portuguese exploerer Ferdinand Magellan sailed
eventualy reached the Philippines. Hernando Cortes also lands on the shores of Mexico.
Some of Crotes's men killed some Aztecs and they rebelled, driving them out.
Cortes and his men conqured the Aztecs.
20 slaves in Hispanoila attacked and killed several Spanish colonists.
18 men and 1 ship out of Magellan's orgininal crew arrived back in Spain.
Giovanni Verrazzano sailed to North America.
Fransisco Pizarro marched a small force into South America.
Pizarro captures Incan capital, Cazco without a struggle.
Fransisco Vasquez de Cornado led expedition through southern United States.
1540 - 1541
Spanish government abolished ecomienda system.
By this time Spain had created an American empire.
Nations of Europe also colonized the Caribbean.
1600 - 1700
Company of London investors recieved charter to found a colony in North America.
The companies ships reached the coast of Virginia.
Samuel de Champlain sailed up the St. Lawrence.
Henry Hudson sailed West.
Pedro de Peralta led settlers to tributary on upper Rio Grande.
1609 - 1610
Epidemic of smallpoc ravaged Native Americans.
Pilgrims founded second English colony in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
Dutch West India Company got permission to colonize and expand fur trade.
Powhatan tribe attacked colonial villiages around Jamestown.
Population of one tribe dropped from 24,000 to 750.
Dutch captured what are now Netherlan Antillies and Aruba from Spain.
Charles II granted his brother permission to drive out the Dutch.
Jaques Marquette and Louis Joliet explored Great Lakes and Mississippi.
King Philip's war began.
Pope led well-organized rebellion again Spanish.
Sieur de La Salle explored the lower Mississippi.
Natives in Mexico fought Spanish rule.
New France covered present day United states and eastern Canada.
1.2 million English settlers livved in 13 colonies from Maine to Georgia.
War between the British and French on North American continent.
European population of New France was only 65,000.
British colonists defeated French.
Roughly 2mil slaves toiled in the US.
Europeans have imported 9.5mil Africans to the Americas.
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