Ch 20 Sect 1, 2, & 3

Pages 553-570

Main

Columbus sets sail and lands in the Americas.

1492

Columbus returns to Spain, then embarks on his second voyage.

1493

Columbus hit resistance in his want to conquer St. Croix.

1493

Treaty of Tordesillias signed.

1494

Spain is richest, most powerful nation in the world.

1500 - 1600

Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral claimes modern-day Brazil.

1500

Nearly 300,000 Africans were transported to the Americas.

1500 - 1600

European colonists in Americas began using enslaved Africans.

1500

German mapmaker names America after Amerigo Vespucci.

1507

Juan Ponce de Leon lands on Florida and claims it for Spain.

1513

Portuguese exploerer Ferdinand Magellan sailed

1519

eventualy reached the Philippines. Hernando Cortes also lands on the shores of Mexico.

Some of Crotes's men killed some Aztecs and they rebelled, driving them out.

1520

Cortes and his men conqured the Aztecs.

1521

18 men and 1 ship out of Magellan's orgininal crew arrived back in Spain.

1522

20 slaves in Hispanoila attacked and killed several Spanish colonists.

1522

Giovanni Verrazzano sailed to North America.

1524

Fransisco Pizarro marched a small force into South America.

1532

Pizarro captures Incan capital, Cazco without a struggle.

1533

Fransisco Vasquez de Cornado led expedition through southern United States.

1540 - 1541

Spanish government abolished ecomienda system.

1542

By this time Spain had created an American empire.

1550

Nations of Europe also colonized the Caribbean.

1600 - 1700

Company of London investors recieved charter to found a colony in North America.

1606

The companies ships reached the coast of Virginia.

1607

Samuel de Champlain sailed up the St. Lawrence.

1608

Pedro de Peralta led settlers to tributary on upper Rio Grande.

1609 - 1610

Henry Hudson sailed West.

1609

Epidemic of smallpoc ravaged Native Americans.

1616

Pilgrims founded second English colony in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

1620

Dutch West India Company got permission to colonize and expand fur trade.

1621

Powhatan tribe attacked colonial villiages around Jamestown.

1622

Population of one tribe dropped from 24,000 to 750.

1631

Dutch captured what are now Netherlan Antillies and Aruba from Spain.

1634

Charles II granted his brother permission to drive out the Dutch.

1664

Jaques Marquette and Louis Joliet explored Great Lakes and Mississippi.

1673

King Philip's war began.

1675

Pope led well-organized rebellion again Spanish.

1680

Sieur de La Salle explored the lower Mississippi.

1683

Natives in Mexico fought Spanish rule.

1690

New France covered present day United states and eastern Canada.

1700

Stono Rebellion

1739

1.2 million English settlers livved in 13 colonies from Maine to Georgia.

1750

War between the British and French on North American continent.

1754

European population of New France was only 65,000.

1760

British colonists defeated French.

1763

Roughly 2mil slaves toiled in the US.

1830

Europeans have imported 9.5mil Africans to the Americas.

1870