Secretary of State William Seward arranges for the U.S. to buy Alaska from the russians for $7.2 million.
Acquring Mid-Way Islands
U.S. takes over uninhabited Islands just 1300 miles north of Hawaii.
Rise of Progressive Movement
1890 - 1920
A Cuban poet which sought to free his country from the Spanish rule. Led a rebellion in Cuba.
General Valeriano Weyler
Spanish general sent to cuba to stop Jose Marti’s rebellion and restore order.
1896 - 1898
A writing style in which newspaper tycoons Hearts and Pulitzer exaggerated Weyler’s actions in cuba to enrage the public. American citizens call for war against Spain grew with each publication made.
U.S. Congress proclaimed Hawaii as an American territory.
Admiral William T.Sampson
Led the American fleet to the Caribbean and formed a blockade on Spanish forces in Cuba. Also they defeated the remaining Spanish forces trying to escape through Santiago, Cuba.
Commander George Dewey
Led the American fleet to the Philippines. His victory at manila did not only help army forces to invade but proved the strength of the U.S. Navy.
1898 - 1900
Many Puerto ricans wanted independence or statehood but the U.S. wanted it for an American presence in the Caribbean and to protect a future canal in panama which they wanted to build.
President William McKinley
McKinley went to Congress and ask for the authority to use power against Spain, after a week Congress agreed and declared war.
War between the U.S. and Spain. They fought in the Philippines and in the Caribbean.
Treaty of paris
U.S and Spain meet in Paris, France to have peace talks. Spain turns over Cuba, Islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States. U.S. also buys the Philippines for $20 million.
U.S.S Maine blows up
Ship blows up in the harbor of Havana Cuba, newspaper quickly blame Spain for the happening and “Remember the Maine” became the cry for battle in the U.S.
War in the Carribean
Admiral William T. Sampson formed a blockade while army invaded Cuba towards the city of Santiago.
War in the Phillipenes
April 30- August
Commander George Dewey led his fleet to the Philippines and attacked the capital, manila, destroying every Spanish ship allowing for American forces to land in the Philippines.
Phillipeno American War
1899 - 1902
Led by Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino rebels rose and fought for their freedom. After the war, 4,000 Americans had died and the battle cost was $400 million.
Mainly the Irish Protestants and the Catholics of Ireland who were fed up with British power being involved in their country.
The end of military rule in Puerto Rico and set up of a civil government.
The Triple Entente which involved France, Britain, and Russia made a pact. Following after that was The Triple Alliance which involved Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey.
1914 - 1918
Chemical Warfare was used during WW1. It was first used in WW1 due to the slow steady movement of gaining ground. It was primarily used to demoralize enemy soldiers, impair eyesight or ability to walk, and even kill them. The first attack using chemicals were caused by the french in august of 1914. There choice of chemicals was first tear gas.
German SubMarine Warfare
On September 5, 1914, A German U-boat sunk a Neutral ship. This event would later spark more events such as The U.S getting involved in the war.
Modern Weapons of WW1
1914 - 1918
During the beginning of WW1 the most preferred choice of weapon at long range was the standard bolt action rifle. Both sides had their versions of a bolt action rifle but with different design. Zeppelins and tanks were used as well. The Zeppelins were used by the Germans for bombing runs but were later on decommissioned due to it being very vulnerable in the sky. Planes were a vital part in WW1. they would practically drop bombs in the trenches or in highly populated areas where military personnel would be at. They were also in mid-air dogfights.
President Wilson and the Peace Effort
President Woodrow Wilson's Peace Effort was for the U.S to become a neutral country during WW1.
The British Blockade
1914 - 1919
The British Blockade was conducted by the allied powers to stop raw materials, Food, or materials of any sort from getting to the Central powers of Europe. This Blockade left most people starving to death making more casualties of war than their should have been.
The Convoy System.
Were merchant ships being escorted by military ships do to the number of sinkings caused by German U-Boats.
1914 - 1918
Trench Warfare was implemented into WW1 by the Germans who were digging up trenches along the the Front Sea to the Swiss Frontier. Trench warfare was used in order to hold position in one spot. It also was used to gain ground, but was a slow process
U.S Intervention in the Mexican Revolutio
1914 - 1915
American forces invade Veracruz after Huerta’s forces arrest a group of American sailers. The purpose for this invasion was to get rid of Huerta’s leadership since President Wilson didn’t agree with the current government.
1914 - 1918
A war between the Triple Entente and the Central Powers that would last for 5 years. In the course of those years changes happened, some minor, others significantly historical.
Eddie Rickenbacker was a U.S Arial man at the time of the war. He was a successful one whose K/D was over 9000!
Pershing and the A.E.F
On May1917, Major General John J. Pershing remained in command of the A.E.F(American Expeditionary Forces). He believed that American soldiers needed the best training to go to war.
Russian Revolution of 1917
The Great Ruski Revolution led by Vladimir Lennon was the main reason why Russia pulled out of the war. In Russia Extreme weather conditions and famine were happening at that time. People were tired of the old government and wanted change. This resulted in the Downfall of the CZAR and put fourth a Communist country.
Selective Service Act of 1917
The Act was enacted on may 17, 1917, which declared a raising of an American army. Mainly a random draft of people willing to serve for the U.S American Army.
The Zimmerman Note
Was a diplomatic note ended from the German Empire to Mexico in order for them to start a war against the U.S. If Mexico had agreed to this and the German empire did successfully defeat the allies with the help of Mexico, then half of the U.S would have been regain by Mexico
Wilson's "declaration of war"
President Woodrow Wilson asks congress if them and the rest of 'Murica are willing to go to war. Four days later majority of congress agrees to go to war.
On Oct. 8 1918, Alvin C. York help capture enemy positions and kill 32 German soldiers while capturing 132 others in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for this action.
Kaiser Abdicates the Throne.
The kaiser, " Willehm the 2nd" relinquished the throne due to their not really being any empire anymore. Over the course of WW1 the Empire of Germany was disintegrating and overtime it made clear sense that the people of Germany didn't rely on the "Empire" instead at the end of WW1 it was mainly a military dictating country.
Second Battle of Marne
July 15, 1918 was the lat offensive the Germans had their last chance of advancing forward and instead were defeated by an allied counter attack led by french forces. This marked the Beginning and the End of the War.
War and the "Booming" U.S Economy
The boom was caused by the sending home of the soldiers after the war, more resources were needed and everything was in higher demand, so businesses produced more and more. This event later escalated to one of the reasons of the great depression