After Feodor I, son of Ivan the Terrible, dies, this marks the beginning of the Time of Troubles. The Time of Troubles was a span of famine and war in Russia that wiped out nearly one third of the population
Reign of Henry IV King of France
August 2, 1589 - May 4, 1610
Reign of James I
March 24, 1603 - March 27, 1625
Reign of Louis XIII King of France
May 14, 1610 - May 14, 1643
Reign of Michael Romanov (Michael I) Tsar of Russia
July 22, 1613 - July 23, 1645
When Michael I becomes Tsar of Russia, the TIme of Troubles end.
Cardinal Richelieu First Minister of State of France
August 12, 1624 - December 4, 1642
Cardinal Richelieu was King Louis XIII's minister. Richelieu was rose the ranks of the Catholic Church and helped Louis create an absolute monarchy
Reign of Charles I as King of England
March 27, 1625 - January 30, 1649
Charles I was found guilty of upholding the righs and liberties of the people and declaring himslef a tyranical power. He was executed ending his reign.
Reign of Frederick William Duke of Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg
December 1, 1640 - April 29, 1688
Cardinal Mazarin First Minister of State
December 4, 1642 - March 9, 1661
Cardinal Mazarin was responsible for maintaining France's high authority over other European powers by continuing the work of Cardinal Richelieu, and further cementing France's absolute monarchy
Reign of Louis XIV King of France
May 14, 1643 - September 1, 1715
Louis is credited as cementing France's absolute monarchy. He killed all the nobles and hired beaurocrats. He build the Palace of Versailles and brought France back from bankruptcy. Towards the end of his reign he participated in multiple wars destroying what he created and ultimately bankrupt France. He would lead the way for Louis XVI, who would be credited with the French Revolution. He is the longest reigning French monarch in history.
Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England
December 16, 1653 - September 3, 1658
Oliver Cromwell was a general who worked with the Parlimentary side during the English Civil War. He was one of the generals that signed Charles I's death warrant. He became Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England and helped rebuilt the country after the decline of the country succeeding Queen Elizabeth I's death.
Reign of Charles II King of England
May 29, 1660 - February 6, 1685
Charles II was originally the King of Scotland, yet that dissoved as was eventually ruled by the military government. Charles succeeded to the English throne and became King of England.
Jean Baptiste Colbert First Minister State of France, Secretary of the Navy, Comptroller, Secretary of State
1661 - 1683
Managed France's economy, industry, and navy. He was credited for establishing merchantalism in France. This drastically improved funds.
Palace of Versailles is Opened to Public
Reign of Sophie Akelseyeva Regent of Russia
June 8, 1682 - September 22, 1689
She was Regent because neither Peter the Great or Ivan V were old enough to rule Russia's monarchy.
Reign of Ivan V Co-Monarch of Russia
June 25, 1682 - February 8, 1696
Reign of Peter the Great Tsar of Russia
June 25, 1682 - February 8, 1725
Reign of Mary II (Co-Monarch) Queen of England
April 11, 1689 - December 28 1694
Reign of William III (Co-monarch) King of England
April 11, 1689 - March 8, 1702
Great Northern War
1700 - 1721
The Great Northern war was a huge success for Peter the Great. Russia was able to expand territory and establish a highly successful navy fleet.
Reign of Frederick I King of Prussia
January 18, 1701 - February 25, 1713
Reign of Charles VI Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
October 12, 1711 - October 20, 1740
Reign of Frederick William I King of Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg
February 25, 1713 - May 31, 1740
April 19, 1713
The Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 was issued by Charles VI which states that a daughter, Maria Theresa could inherit Habsburg hereditary possessions (land and kingdoms).
Reign of Frederick II (Frederick the Great) King of Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg
May 31, 1740 - August 17, 1786
Frederick the Great was the longest reigning monarch of Prussia at 46 years. An elector is a monarch who can take part and elect an empoeror (or empress) of the Holy Roman Empire.
Reign of Maria Theresa Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Croatia
October 20, 1740 - November 29, 1780
Reign of Maria Theresa (Co-Monarch) Empress of the Holy Roman Empire
September 13, 1745 - August 18, 1765
Reign of Catherine the Great (Catherine II) Empress of Russia
July 9, 1762 - November 17, 1796
Catherine the Great came to power after she overthrew her husband, Peter III, and became the Empress of Russia. She would continue to reign and would become the longest reigning woman monarch in Russian history.
Reign of Joseph II (Co-Monarch) Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and Archduke of Austria