Events Leading up to the Civil War

Ben Covell

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Fugitive Slave Act

1850

The fugitive slave law made it a crime to help run away slaves and allowed officials to arrest them, even in free states. Slaves could also be taken back even if they were free. This angered the North.

Compromise of 1850

1850

Henry Clay was the creator of the compromise of 1850. The five points were California enters the Union as a free state, popular sovereignty would decide slavery in other new lands, Texas would give up land in exchange for money from the government, the state trade - but not slavery - would be banned in Washington D.C., a stronger and stricter fugitive slave law would be passed. This made the North and South happy and unhappy, because so things weren't fair.

Uncle Tom's Cabin is published

1852

Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. It was a book to help inform people about how bad and injustice slavery was. Showed the North how bad slavery was.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

This act called for an election to decide whether the states would be free or a slave states. Would lead to the two sides fighting.

Pottawatomie Massacre

1856

In Kansas, John Brown killed five slavery supporters. Angered the South.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

A slave whose master brought him to freedom, but then died. Then the masters widow brought him back so Dred Scott tried for his freedom, he lost. North thought it was unfair.

John Browns raid on Harpers Ferry

1859

John Brown raided Harpers Ferry's, and its arsenal, in hope that slaves would join him and fight for their, the slaves, freedom. Made the South angry.

Election of 1860

1860

The election that led to Abraham Lincoln's presidency. Lincoln wanted to stop the expansion of slavery.

Confederacy formed

1861

11 states seceded from the U.S. and formed their own nation, The Confederate States of America. The North wanted the South back so they went to war soon after.