African American Civil Rights (1948-1978)

Hannah Van Dyke

Main

Segregated Transportation

Bus segregation is ruled unconstitutional.

1955

Blacks start a boycott on busing.

1955

Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat to a white man.

1955

Supreme Court says segregation in public transportation as unconstitutional.

1962

Demonstrations

Violence increased as the protests increased.

1960

Black people began going into the whites’ only section of public many places.

1960

Many black people began to do this and protests broke out.

1960

Waitress didn’t wait on them. Students sat there until the restaurant closed.

1960

In North Carolina, 4 black students sat at a whites’ only section of a counter.

1960

There was a bombing at a church in Birmingham, killing four black girls.

1963

Three civil rights went missing. They were found buried six weeks later.

1964

New voting rights act were signed.

1965

There was a civil rights march in Alabama.

1965

Marchers were demanding protection for their voting rights.

1965

The Poor People’s March on Washington, planned by King, was carried out.

1968

Education

President Eisenhower sent more troops to make sure this was being carried out.

1957

Rubus calls National Guard to keep black students from going a white school.

1957

James Meredith is the first black student to attend University of Mississippi.

1962

There were many riots because a black student was going to attend.

1962

President Kennedy had to send troops to the University of Mississippi.

1962

Bakke decision rules schools that have positions based on race unconstitutional.

1978

Government

President Truman declares segregation in the U.S. Military unconstitutional.

1948

U.S. Supreme Court rules school segregation unconstitutional.

1954

The Department of Defense says the military needs to be integrated.

1962

Edward Brooke was the first black person to be elected as senator in 85 years.

1966

Thurgood Marshall became the first black person to be in the Supreme Court.

1967

Carl Stokes & Richard Hatcher are the first elected black mayors in big cities.

1967

Maynard Jackson was the first elected black mayor of any big Southern city.

1973

Civil Rights Leaders

Evers tried to overrule segregation in the University of Mississippi.

1963

Medgar Evers, a civil rights leader, is shot.

1963

Martin Luther King, Jr. gives the “I Have a Dream” speech in Washington DC.

1963

Ray was later convicted of murder and he was sentenced to 99 years in prison.

1968

Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in Memphis by James Earl Ray.

1968