During this time, France needed help with protection against foreign and domestic threats. So the Committee of Public Safety took over for about a year to help with this. With the help of the National Convention, they and the committee began the "Reign of Terror". During this time about 40,000 people were killed for being internal enemies. About 16,000 of the executed were finished by the guillotine. These were done in front of large groups who went against the Convention before.