A English navigator , on his second voyage looking for a northwest route to China, descended into the Hudson bay.
First ones to travel as far as lake superior for a fur trade.
The HBC is born , with the signing of this document , giving them a monopoly of all trade in this area.
Britain and France are at war. Soldier from New France begin to attack and took over the HBC’s posts until 1713.
Tanadelthur meets with chief factor James Knight and negotiates a peace treaty with the Dene. This leads to northern trade at Fort Prince of Wales , which is now Manitoba
It reduces the demand for fur in Europe. The war ends in 1763 with the Treaty of Paris.
The factory burns down after an attack by the French. They moved York Factory to another location.
Fort Edmonton is at the junction of North Saskatchewan and Sturgeon Rivers. The availability of furs makes these sites very profitable. In 1830 , Fort Edmonton is relocated upstream.
After the merger, many trading posts are inefficient and unprofitable. George Simpson establishes order within the company and profits begin to soar.
HBC is under pressure from the British government. The British colonies of the province of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick join together to form the dominion of Canada.