Granting of the Royal Charter by King Charles II, oldest merchandising company in the English speaking world.
Foundation of NWC
Fur trading company that had its headquarters in Montreal, fur and pelt trading grew fast in the 1700's.
HBC Merges with NWC
Both companies merged resulting in one giant raw materials trading company, NWC at the time still only owned 55 company shares
HBC's Construction of Fort Victoria
Fort Camosack renamed to Fort Victoria after the expansion of HBC, this became the pacific headquarters and was advantageous to sustaining their business.
HBC's Three-Way Divide
HBC divides itself into retail, fur and land trade, HBC Board of Directors see potential in these trades as they were limited and HBC invested $300,000 into retail stores to expand.
HBC Supplies Ships During WWI
During WWI, HBC became the main shipping agent for France, Russia, Belgium, Romania etc. Some of these ships battled opposing German ships.
HBC Purchases J.F. Cairns Retail
J.F. Cairns Limited Department bought buy HBC in Saskatoon leading to it becoming the fifth of six largest urban stores with a population of only 25,000 people.
Foundation of Beaver Preserves
Maud Watt, wife of Rupert House Factor owner pleads to Quebec government for the addition of beaver preserves for their sustainability. Beaver preserves covered 18,648 square km and was soon owned by HBC.
HBC Creates "The Bay"
New brand and logo created for HBC because of the lack of previous national identity. Created by New York image artists, the brand became widely known and the logo is seen to this day.
HBC Creates Web Site
Online shopping was now implementable and was needed to compete with the marketplace of the 21st century, e-commerce made HBC even greater.