The U.S won the war between Great Britain and some Indian allies, July 4th 1776.
The importance of the country's independence is allowing the country's leaders make the rules. Allowing the Voting Right ratified, allowing only white male with land to vote.
The right to vote was originally let to each individual state to choose. Slave owned states decided white men could vote but have their Black slaves be counted when figuring up how many members of Congress each state is entitled to.
This results in the Federal Goverment being able to choose who is a citizen but each states having the power to say who can vote.
Most of the states only allowed white male with certain am out of land to vote. Since only a small minority of white males own enough property to qualify, the great majority of the population is denied the vote. Estimated, less than 5% of the population are eligible to vote in the election of 1800.
This is important in history because this was the start of all the revolt of the suppressed, including immigrants, females, African Americans, and those who cannot afford land.
A 72 year movement of brave beatings, mob attacks, rape, jail, seizure and destruction of property, forced divorce (and consequent loss of children), forced feeding of hunger strikers, and murder to fight for their right to be full citizens.
All led to the 19th amendment to be passed in 1920. Allowing women to vote. They're suffrage and bravery led to their goal but prejudice and discrimination against women candidates and office-holders continues for decades.
Asian immigration becomes significant for the the first time, mostly in the west. The "whites-only" clause of the 1790 Naturalization ;aw, Asian immigrants can't be citizens. To prevent their children from being born here, Government officials would send back Asian women from coming ashore. Still some would pass by undetected. This shows how the U.S became the way it is now, with more than just a couple races but a place where multiple cultures grew and mixes with others.
It takes 57 days of floor-fighting and mass protests in the streets of Washington, like the march from Selma to Montgomery. For just the second time in history,the civil-rights issue is defeated on a bitterly divided vote. The Act was passed.
Outlaws voting phony "requirements" — such as "literacy tests," — designed to deny the vote to people based on their race or color. Applied to Blacks, Indians, Asians, and Mexican-Americans.
Authorizes the Federal government to take over voting registration of voters in areas where there's consistent discrimination.
Establishes that fluency in English cannot be made a requirement for voting eligibility.
This let non-whites the opportunity to vote without being harassed by testing or police mob.
the voting age is lowered to equal the draft age for the Vietnamese war as Anti-war protests and draft resistance continued.
Giving 18 yeard olds equal rights was important because if they're old enough to fight for their country than they can vote for their leader. A step after letting Every race having the same equal rights.