German attack against Soviet union in Stalingrad.
German Operation “Blau”. German troops came in the summer to Stalingrad.
Defense phase began after group A and group B smashed the defenses of the Red Army.
Battle of Stalingrad begins as the Luftwaffe begins to bomb the city and Soviet shipping on the Volga River.
Hitler orders the stop of all further offensives againced Soviet targets and to hold positions.
German “Wehrmacht”, 300,000 people, were encircled by Russian troops
Red Army begins Operation Uranus to encircle German 6th Army
Field Marshal von Manstein's army group launches an attack to relieve the 6th Army in Stalingrad. German advance is pushed back by the Soviets.
Germans retreat from Terek.
Many Germans surrendered, but no official capitulation
Germans retreat from Voronezh and Armavir.
Considered as turning point of the war.
After 500,000 soldiers died, missed or captured / 5 axis armies were destroyed or badly damaged.