By: James Braddock
chimpanzee sized brain, walked upright on two legs, and had smaller canines like other early humans.
Species which "Lucy" belonged to. Has apelike proportions of the face, and strong arms with curved fingers for climbing. But, had small canine teeth and body that stood and walked upright on arched feet. Was able to survive dramatic climate fluctuations.
Had a bony ridge on the midline on the top of the skull. This crest anchored large chewing muscles from the top and side of the braincase to the lower jaw. Lived among Homo Erectus.
We are the sole surviving species of our family species.
Two femur bones show it walked upright, but other parts showed ape like features. Had long curved finger bones and ape like teeth.
First early human species to be discovered on the continent of Africa. Members of this species was mostly vegetarian, and had diets much like the modern chimpanzee. Due to wear on the molars, we know that they ate tough foods.
Evidence that the first early humans to make hearths, to eat significant meat and bone marrow, and take care of the old and weak. Longest lived species in the human evolution timeline.
Teeth showed primitive features. Evidence that it lived in more closed, wooden areas helps demonstrate that upright walking did not evolve in an open Savanna environment
The bony ridge on the top of the skull in this species indicates huge chewing muscles, with a strong emphasis on the muscles that connect toward the back of the crest and created strong chewing forces on the front teeth.
Very similar to Homo Habilis, but it has larger braincase, longer face, and larger molar and premolar teeth.
Had a bony ridge on the top of the skull, and had a massive face. Both were used for chewing tough food.
Most recently went extinct, and co existed with humans throughout their duration. Their small size may be attributed to island dwarfing.
Walked upright, but opposable big toes helped climb trees. A good sample of canine teeth indicate, very little size difference between males and females.
This species has teeth and face similar to Australopithecus Afarensis, but some dental features more similar to Homo. A longer femur is indicated, but long powerful arms were still maintained.
May have lived in savannas but ate fruit and other foods from the forest - behavior similar to modern-day savanna chimpanzees.
First early humans to venture to the chilly climate of northern Europe. Evidence that they were the first to build shelters, and to hunt "big game" with spears.
Upper end of tibia shows expanded area of bone, indicative of regular bipedal walking. Lived in riverine woodlands and gallery forests habitats.
This species is thought to represent the first stone toolmaker. Discovered in the 1960's.
Huge nose humidifies and warms the cool dry air. Bodies are shaped for heat conservation. First early humans to wear clothing. May have been first species to have language, bury their dead, and have symbolic ceremonies.