West Asia Timeline

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Christianity

Life of Jesus

1 CE - 31 CE

-Born I CE
-Begins ministry in 29 CE in Galilee
-Enters Jerusalem on a donkey and "cleanses the temple" in 31 CE
-To many signifies his entrance on a donkey signifies his humility
-Sentenced to death and crucified later that year
-There is a lot of debate about who crucified Jesus. Many people say it was Jewish people but the crucifying someone was a Roman form of execution

First of St. Paul's missionary trips

48 CE

St. Paul, who at a young age (12) wen to Jerusalem and was educated by Rabbi Gamaliel (Sanhedrin), takes a ship to Cyprus and begins converting people into the Christian faith in 48 CE, then to Greece (50 CE)

Christian gospels recorded

55 CE

-Mark is typically said to be written first in 55 CE
-Matthew also recorded around this time
-Luke in 63 CE
-John (year unknown)

First translation of the Bible

330 CE

-The Bible was translated into Latin by St. Jerome in Bethlehem

Zoroastran Persia defeats Christian Amerenia

451 CE

Judiasm

Jewish-Roman War

66 CE - 135 CE

66 CE: Rebellion against the Romans in Jerusalem begins, first Jewish Roman War.
-Destruction of the Jewish temple signifies Jerusalem's fall to the Romans in 70 CE

115 CE: The Kitos War began, the second installment in the Jewish Roman War.

132 CE: Simon Bar Kohkba, a jewish leader leads the third revolt of the Jewish-Roman war.

135 CE: Rome recovers Jerusalem and Jews are expelled from the city.

Jewish people move into the Roman Empire

300 CE

Islam

Mecca becomes a place of pilgrimage

100 CE

Life of Muhammad

570 CE - 632 CE

Muhammad is born in Mecca (Saudi Arabia)

Dies in 632 CE

Formation of the first Muslim community

622 CE

Muhammad travels to Yathrib (Medina) and builds the first Muslim community.

Mecca becomes the holy city of Islam

630 CE

Mecca becomes the holy city and a very important part in the Muslim religion. Soon after all of Arabia accepts the new religion.

Muslims conquer Syria, Persia and Egypt

636 CE - 651 CE

Muslim armies capture Iraq

637 CE

Muslim armies capture what is now Iraq (then Ctesiphon) and the Sassanian Empire, the last pre-islamic Persian empire.

Iran becomes under Muslim control

638 CE

The Arab capture of Jerusalem brings Palestine and Syria under Muslim control

Arab's capture Jerusalem

638 CE

The Arab capture of Jerusalem brings Palestine and Syria under Muslim control

Qu'ran is written down

650

The Umayyad Dynasty

661 CE - 750 CE

The Umayyad Dynasty gains control over the Arab-Islamic empire and greatly expands its territories. The empire spreads westward throughout North Africa, north into Spain, and eastward to the borders of India and China.

Muslim capital moved from Medina to Damascus by the Umayyads

661 CE

Dome of the Rock built

691 CE

The Dome of the Rock is completed as a Muslim shrine on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem

Mosque of Damascus is built

706 CE

Great Mosque of Damascus is built in Syria

Muslim rule over Persian Empire declines

750 CE

Abassid Dynasty

759 CE - 1528 CE

The Umayyad Dynasty gains control over the Arab-Islamic empire and greatly expands its territories. The empire spreads westward throughout North Africa, north into Spain, and eastward to the borders of India and China.

Muslim capital moved from Damascus to Baghdad

762 CE