Before 1066, there was no centralized law enforcement of court system. Citizens kept the peace among themselves
Norman Conquest – Norman courts were established in England
Watch and Ward police system in operation
Cruel punishment for crime imposed by King Charles I
Unpaid watchmen and constables patrolled Boston at night
law enforcement was oppressive by military rule that took over.
NYC established a paid watch at night
Philadelphia appointed constables
Henry Fielding was appointed Magistrate of Bow Street. He established the country’s first detectives – the “Thief Takers.”
Philadelphia began a paid watch at night
U.S. Marshals Office established in U.S.