For a short time in ancient Athens, all citizens could vote on new laws, proposed by other citizens. This was one of the first known major democracies, and paved the way for other democracies.
The Magna Carta
The Magna Carta was a document that advanced individual rights in England, and was the first direct challenge to monarchy. It stated that the King was bound to the law like every other noble. This was a large step forward for individual liberty.
1400 - 1600
Was the cultural movement beginning in Italy that spread throughout Europe. The availability of paper led to the fast spread of ideas, saw new techniques in painting, and widespread education. Politics in the Renaissance can be compared to modern diplomacy.
1500 - 1776
Is a Confederacy made to unite the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayungas, and Senecas peacefully. The Confederacy was one of the oldest participatory democracies in the world, and was likely a model for the American democracy.
1517 - 1648
Was a split in Western Christianity,which led to the formation of the Protestant faith.
The American Revolution
A political upheaval in North America which led to the breaking of the British Empire, and the formation of the United States of America. Its impact on society was the creation of a democracy-elected representative government, and the upheaval of traditional social hierarchy and a the formation of personal liberties.
The French Revolution
A political and social upheaval in France which led to the collapse of the total monarchy. Its impact was the fall of traditional monarchy, aristocracy and religious authority, and the rise of equality, inalienable rights, and citizenship.
1800 - 1900
The change from manpower and handcrafted goods to machine made, factory automated goods. Average standard of living saw a sharp increase, and population also increased dramatically. It is one of the most important events in economic history.
The age of enlightenment was the cultural movement of intellectuals which began in Europe, and moved to America. Its purpose was to reform society, and challenged ideas in tradition and faith, moving towards reason. It also saw the rise of science.
Changes to Class System
Provided the ability for lower classes to be equals.