Establish individual rights such as freedom of speech; freedom of conscience; freedom of the press; freedom of assembly; and the right to bear arms.
Brought to light the underlying conflicts that had been present in Mexican society since independence. The liberalist win against the conservatives.
Liberal government headed by Benito Juarez fought against the French forces sent by Napoleon III because the French forces wanted to establish a satellite state in Mexico.
In Europe, a delegation of conservative politicians offers the throne of Mexico to the Austrian archduke Maximilian of Habsburg.
Maximiliano, and generals Miguel Miramón and Tomas Mejía were shot at the foot of Cerro de las Campanas,
Benito Juárez governs Mexico until his death; Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada replaces him, who is later elected constitutional president.