structuralism was created by edward titchner and functionalism was created by william james.
introspection Psychology definition
1800 - 1920
"the science of mental life" known as introspection
1st case study of a damaged frontal lobe. After Gage was in an accident where a mental rod went through his skull psychologists studied weather or not the damage to the frontal lobes caused issues in Gages day to day life. Gage was found to be dishonest and intolerable where before he was nice and quite
1856 - 1939
freud is known for being one of the most famous psychologists. His theories include the id, the ego, the superego, psychosexual development, and the death instincts. He is also known for his theory on the unconsiuos mind
Origin of species introduced along with natural selection
Gustav Fritsch and Edward Hitzig descovered the motor cortex. The motor cortex "refers to that part of the brain where nerve cells are engaged in planning and directing the actions of muscles and glands that are under conscious control."
known for establishing the first psychology lab in Liepzig, Germany.y. In addition to being considered one of the founders of contemporary psychology, Wundt is also referred to as the father of experimental psychology.
"birth of psychology"
1st laboratoy was ctreated in Leighpez, Germany.
Edward B. Titchener
1890 - 1898
Titchener was an influential figure in the early years of psychology. As one of Wundt’s students, Titchener is remembered for establishing the school of thought known as structuralism.
1890 - 1906
Pavlov was a Russian physiologist whose research on conditioned reflexes influenced the rise of behaviorism in psychology. He is most famous for his studies and research surrounding classical conditioning. He studied how dogs salavted at food.
1904 Pavlov was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize
Mary Whiton Calkins
1st woman to attened psychology schooling
Father of american psychology. He contributed to functionalism, and pragmatism.
1st female P.hD
1900 - 1909
Margret Washburn is the 1st woman to recieve a P.hD in psychology
APA's 1st female president
Mary Calkins becomes the APA's 1st female president
Jung proposed and developed the concepts of the extraverted and the introverted personality, archetypes, and the collective unconscious.
Stern developed the original formula for the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) after studying the scores on Binet’s intelligence test.
1920 - 1960
Behvaiorism and freudian psychology became dominant during this time period
Behaviorism psychology definition
1920 - 1960
John Watson and B.F skinner disissed introspection and changed the definiton to "the scientific study of observable behavior"
Little Albert Experiement
John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner published the Little Albert experiments, demonstrating that fear could be classically conditioned
APA's 2nd female president
Margret Wasgburn is APA's 2nd female president
Mapping the motor cortex
In the 1930's Otfrid Foester and Wilder Penfeild mapped the motor cortex
The amyglada was linked to agression and fear, to further this research Heinrich Kluuer and Paul Bucy an ill tempered monkeys amyglada and it became docile
Rogers develop the practice of client-centered therapy which encourages respect and positive regard for patients.
Philip Vogel and Joseph Bogen speculated that epuleptic seizures were caused by abnormal brain activity bouncing between the left and right hemispheres.
REM sleep was discovered by Eugine Aserisnky. while working in a sleep laboratory Aserisnky was " the first to observe the Rapid Eye Movements – REM – now known to occur during dreaming.
Code of Ethics
Code of Ethics for Psychologists was developed by the American Psychological Association
Maslow helped to found Humanistic Psychology and later developed his famous Hierarchy of Needs
1957 - 1963
Harlow is best known for his social isolation experiments with rhesus monkeys, Harlow's research contributed to our understanding of the importance of caregiving, affection, and social relationships early in life
Stages and theories
Lawrence Kohlburg, Erik Erikson, and Jean Piaget created three different modles based off of one another to compare and describe the stages of developmet .
1960 - 2000
Cognative revolution became dominant and lead to mental processesing and cognative neuorscience was created
william James thought that newborns exhibted a blooing, buzzing, confusion when infants, however after the 1960's scientists discorerved newborns have a lot of skills. The idea of Habituation was also created.
1960 - Present
Humanistic psychology took over, lead by Carl Rodgers and Abram Moslow
Modern psychology definition
1960 - Present
" the science of behavior and mental processes
Geogre Sperling performed experiments designed to demonstrate the existence of visual sensory memory.
Bandura conducted the Bobo doll experiment in which child behavior is described as a construct of observation, imitation, and modeling. He is also first describes the concept of observational learning to explain personality development.
Stanford Prison Experiment
1971 - Present
he conducted a controversial study: 24 ordinary male college students were arbitrarily selected to be either “guards” or “prisoners” in a fake jail. The resulting “Stanford Prison Experiment” has since become notorious thanks to the cruel and often-inhumane behaviors exhibited by its participants – as well as for ethical questions surrounding the research.
A handbook for medical profesionals to use to diagnose mental illnesses adm disorders was published
Updated DSM book is published and is the current book medical proffesionals use
Ethic code APA
APA created an ethics code for animal testing outlining what is good and bad.
Positive psychology was created, "the study of happiness".
Henry Roediger and Jeffery Karpicke "If a person is taught new material and tested on it a day after learning it the information will be more likely to be recalled when tested at a later date."
SQ3R created for testing and learnig purposes. Survey, question, read, retrive, review