Christians expanding westward tried to drive the Moors out of Europe
Civil wars broke out in Muslium spain that weakend Morrish society. The Reconquista (the Christians effert to take over the Iberian Pennnisula) started.Gra
King of Castile
King of Castile conquered Toledo prompting Aragon and Portugal to join the Reconquista.
Portugal is formed
The Portuguse completely drove the Moors out of there land and established the Kingdom of Portugal.
Christians capture Córdoba
1236 - 1240
The Christians captured Córdoba. A few years later the Moors had almost been pushed completely out of Spain execpt for Granada in the far south.
Spain is founded and its First Rulers
October 1469 - 1504
A royal marrige between the rulers of Aragon, Ferdinand, and Castile, Isabella, created Spain. Isabella died in 1504 and Ferdinand died in 1516.
878 - 1066
Alfred the Great,King of Wessex, stopped the invasion of Danish Vikings. He drove them North of London and unitedmuch of England. The next two centuries Alfred's decendents ruled until one died without an hier.
1060 - 1087
He was a stronger than previous leaders. He gave fiefs to his Norman soliders. He introduced Feudilism to England. He brought French culture to England.
William the Coquerer takes the Throne
Two men claimed they were heir to the throne. Harold, English noble, was chosen over William, duke of Normandy. William was unhappy about being passed over so he got an army and took the throne by force.
1085 - 1086
A survey of Enlands land owners. It was ordered by King Wiliam. It was used to create a centralzed tax system.
Eleanor and Henry II
1153 - 1204
Eleanor of Aquitatine married Henry II. Henry II was the great-grandson of William. After his death in 1189 Eleanor helped there son Ricard I rule.
1199 - 1216
King John takes over the throne after his older brother Richard is killed in France.
English nobles had a growing concern with the kings power and so forced him to sign the Magna Carta. The Magna Carta ensured certian basic rights. It also limited the kings power.
A rebellion among the Nobles forced the king to create a Parliment. The Parliment remained undefined until 1295.
Edward I organized and clearly defined Parliments duties and succesfully woks with it.
One noble family, the Capetians, rose to power. The first member to hold power was Hugh Capet.
Eleanor and the King of France
1137 - 1152
Eleanor of Aquitatine Married the King of France. He ended thier marrige in 152.
Carpetians rule almost all of modern France.
751 - 768
His father,Pippin III, took over the throne of the Franks from the old king. After his death Charlemagne became the new king.
768 - 814
He ruled as king of the Franks. He supported education. When he took over a new people he left them alone mostly and only enforced Christianity upon them. He left there current leaders and laws in place
Charlemagne Defends Papal States
He defends the Papal states from the invading Lombards.
Charlemagne defends the Pope
He defends the Pope from angry supporters of the previous Pope.
Crowned Emperor of Romans
800 - 814
He is crowned Emperor of the Romans by Leo II. This is the first new emperor in 300 years.
Holy Roman Empire Spilts
After Charlemagne dies his empire is split into two parts by his grandsons. The western part became France and the eastern part became Germany.
Otto the Great
936 - 973
Otto the Great succeeded his hater Henry I as king of the Germans.
Otto helps Defend the Papal States
Otto the Great helped Pope John XII defend the Papal States. The Pope crowned him Emperor of the Romans. In time Germany became known as The Holy Roman Empire.
Germany/Holy Roman Empire
Emperors are elected
The emperors were no longer chosen by inheritence they were elected. The new emperor had to travel to Rome to be crowned by the Pope before his power would be recognized.