Charles 1 was born into the House of Stuart as the second son of king James VI of Scotland.
Charles I was the monarch over the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625
After his succession, Charles quarrelled with the parliament of england ,which sough to curb his royal prerogative.
Charles fought the armies of the english and scoottish parliaments in the english civil war.
After his defeat ,he surrendered to a scottish force that eventually handed him over to the english parliament.
Charles refused to accept his captor's demands for a constitutional monarchy,and temporarily escaped captivity in November
Charles was tried for treason and found guilty. He was beheaded in London, England, on January 30