AP U.S. 1840-1900

Main

Gag rule in Congress

1840 - 1841

No speaking of slavery in the House

Personal liberty laws established

1840 - 1841

Wilmont Proviso

1846

NM was established

Free Soil Party arises

1848

"Free soil, free people, fremont."

Fugitive Slave Law passed

1850

Runaway slaves must return to the South

Uncle Tom's Cabin published

1852

Major cause of tension between the North and South

Kansas- Nebraska Act

1854

Extended the 36-30 line in the United States

Republican Party

1854

Platform was the anti-slavery expansion

Impending Crisis of the South

1857 - 1858

White southern farmers were oppressed

Dred- Scott Decision

1857

Stated that slaves are not citizens

John Brown's Raid

1859

Major slave revolt that took place in Virginia

First Bull Run

1861

Victory inflated dangerous overconfidence in the South

Peninsula Campaign

1862

Lee was able to ensure that the war would continue until slavery was uprooted

Antietam

1862

Bloodiest battle of the Civil War, victory was what Lincoln needed to promote the Emancipation Proclamation.

Vicksburg

1862

Cut off the spinal cord of the Confederacy in Mississippi

Moniter and the Merrimac

1862

The first battle testing the heralded doom of wooden warships

Gettysburg

1863

Broke the heart of the Confederate's back

Gettysburg Address

1863

Made direct coraltions with the Declaration of Independence, the president was 'speaking for the ages'

Lincoln's 10% plan

1864

To restore the Union, South could come up when they had 10% of the voters oath to the union, South feared they would become enslaved

Wade- Davis Bill

1864

Thought freed blacks would get slaves again, required 50% of the voters to take oaths

Sherman's March

1864

Sherman marched through Atlanta burning cities and destroying towns

Election of 1864

1864

Lincoln was for the Union Party and Andrew Johnson was the canidate for the War Democrats, the campaign was noisy and nasty

Andrew Johnson

1865

Served in Congress, took office after Lincoln died, radicals, made his own reconstruction proclamation

Freedman's Bureau

1865 - 1872

Taught the unskilled free blacks how to read, was successful but was taken out in 1872 by whites

Black Codes

1865 - 1877

Laws were aimed at keeping the black population in submission and workers in the fields, wouldn't allow blacks to rent land or go to jury

Sharecropping

1865 - 1877

Blacks and poor whites became slaves to the soil and to their creditors "makes the laborer too independent"

"Lost Cause"

1865 - 1877

The Southernors believed they lost the war because they didn't have enough resources and that their views on succession were correct

Age of the Plutocrat

1865 - 1900

The wealthy reign and control the government

Lassiez- Faire Capitalism

1865 - 1900

Government doesn't regulate business, no safety or health regulations (ICC, Sherman - Anti Trust Act)

"Era of Good Stealings"

1865 - 1900

Tweed Ring, Credit Moblier Affair, Whiskey Rebellion, Belknap Scandal

Gospel of Wealth

1865 - 1900

The wealthy are the 'trustees' of the nation's wealth and are the most intelligent, therefore they can make the best decisions

Social Darwinism

1865 - 1900

"Survival of the Fittest" The wealthy are wealthy because they are the best business owners, labor Unions are communistic and go against the AMerican idea of "indivigualism"

Tuskegee Institute

1865 - 1900

Vocational training for blacks, funded by Booker T. Washington

Knights of Labor

1865 - 1900

Concerns for workers safety and rights, "Eight hours for work, Eight hours for rest, Eight hours for doing what we wish." Destroyed during the Haymarket Square Riot

Fall of Richmond

1865

Richmond, the Confederate capital was burned and destroyed

Appomatox

1865

Granted generous terms of surrender to the Confederates, ended the Civil War

Johnson's Swing Around the Circle

1867

A series of "Give 'em hell" speeches he accused the radiclas of murder in the South and heightened the cry of "Stand by Congress"

14th Ammendment

1867

Can't deprive an person of life, liberty or property or deny them of jurisdiction (disappointed women advocates)

Credit Moblier

1872

Union Pacific Railroad Company practiced corrupt railroad practices and bribery

Slaughter House Cases

1873

Lousiana created state-sanctioned monopolies in slaughter house businesses, 14th ammendment rights were being violated

Resumption Act

1875

Pledged the government to withdraw greenbacks from circulation

Force Acts

1875

US military could use it's power to stop para-military grouos in the South and make arrests

U.S. Cruikshank

1876

Colfax massacre resulted in 100 black deaths/ 5 white deaths, no one was convicted

Belknap Scandal

1876

Resigned after pocketing bribes from suppliers

Great Railroad Strike

1877

Hayes sent in troops to stop the strike

Comprimise of 1877

1877

Rutherford B. Hayes wins election of '76, Republicans agree to remove troops in South, freedmen at the mercy of redeemer governments

Munn vs. Illinois

1877

Dealing with corporate rates and agriculture, allowed states to regulate certain businesses.

Whiskey Rebellion

1878

Robbed the treasury of millions in excise- tax revenues

U.S. vs. Singleton

1883

Black ma denied entry into an opera house in New York City

Interstate Commerce Comission Act

1887

No rebates or pooling by railroads allowed, publish rates publically, ICC Comission established.

Insular Cases

1890 - 1909

Puerto Ricans might be subject to American rule, but did not enjoy all American rights

Sherman Silver Purchase Act

1890

Government agrees to buy certain amounts of silver, won't bring about inflation

USS Maine Incident

1890 - 1909

US sent the USS Maine to Cuba for a friendly check up but was blown up killing 250 soliders (later found to have been an accident)

Anti- Imperialist League

1890 - 1909

They thirsted for freedom and felt that imperialism was costly and unlikely to turn a profit (Carnegie, Twain, Stanford)

Chile

1892

US demanded indeminty for two US deaths, Chile eventually gives in

Pullman Strike

1892

Federal troops are called in to stop it, Eugene Debs is jailed because of the re Debs case results

Homestead Strike

1894

Industrial lockout and strike, defeat for the Union and setback for efforts to unionize steelworkers

Venezuela

1895

Almost fought with Britain over their boundary of British Guinea and monroe doctrine affairs

Plessy vs. Ferguson

1896

Black man tried to sit in 'white' railcar to test the Jim Crow Laws, "Seperate but Equal" is still legal and constitutional

Open Door Policy

1899

European Powers moved in on China like vultures into the spheres of influence. Hay stated that the countries needed to show respect for Chinese rights

Gold Standard Act

1900

On the Gold Standard, Plutocrats have power

Boxer Rebellion

1900

"Boxers" murdered more than 2000 foreigners and Chinese Christians because of their opposition to the Open Door Policy

Portsmouth Conference

1905

Arbitrates the Russo- Japanese War, TR won the Nobel Peace Prize