Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful.
was the first mass-produced calculator
making possible generators and electric engines.
The Maya Indians moved from their home in Guatemala to the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. They brought with them cocoa from the rain forest in Guatemala the Maya established large plantations to grow cacao.
The people in Central America began using the cacao beans as money. The beans were also used to make a bitter drink. The drink was used to treat coughs and fever.
The Aztec's began to rule Mexico. The Aztecs demanded payment in the form of taxes from the Aztecs with cocoa beans. The Aztecs used the cocoa bean for drink. They added flowers, vanilla, and honey to their drink.
Was given first drink of chocolate on his first voyage to America. Took some of the cacao beans back to his homeland as an unusual item to show his people.
Established a cacao plantation in the name of Spain.
Cortez took beans to Spain. Were hidden in Spanish monasteries. The formula for making the chocolate drink was kept a secret. Only the very rich could afford to buy the drink.
First commercially grown shipment of cacao beans grown in South and Central America was taken to Spain.
Anne of Austria, Spanish princes, marries Louis XIII of France and takes Spanish custom of chocolate drinking to
First chocolate house is opened in England by a Frenchman. Chocolate cost 6 to 8 shillings per pound, only very rich could afford it.
Maria Theresa of Austria marries Louis XIV of France. She shares her love for chocolate with the people of France. For the first time people outside the royal court enjoy chocolate drinking.
Created by a cook in Genensburg, Germany
Sold by a London coffeehouse
Charles VI moves from Madrid to Vienna and takes chocolate with him.
Chocolate served in Florence and Venice
Monsieur Dubuisson, a French inventor, creates table for chocolate grinding. Table is heated by charcoal, makes production easier.
Established in Dorchester, Massachusetts by James Baker and John Hannon, fist time chocolate was made in the US.
Machine produced in Barcelona, Spain.
Dr. James Baker names his product
J.S. Fry & Sons, used in England
Francois-Louis Cailler return from Italy where he studied chocolate making. Established factory in Corsier.
Invented by Coenraad Van Houten, a Dutch chocolate maker
Cailler's second factory in Vervey, Switzerland opened and sold to Julien and Daniel Peter who invents milk chocolate
J.S. Fry & Sons
John Cadbury and his brother Benjamin, gives business to John's sons Richard and George
Richard Cadbury created it for Valentine's day
Painting La Belle Chocolatiere by Jean-etienne Liotard, oldest trademark in US
Jean Tobler begins production of handmade confections in Bern, Switzerland
Invented by Rodolphe Lindt, calls his chocolate fondant and labels his candy bars Lindt Surfin. Fisrt time chocolate can be smoothed.
Was founder of Nestle company
Goes to World's Colombian Exposition in Chicago. Watches demonstration of German made chocolate equipment. Buys it. Ships it to Carmel factor in Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Also makes baking chocolate, cocoa, and chocolate coatings for caramels
Otto J. Scholenleber start company in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Makes bulk chocolate for large companies such as Hostess, Pilsbury and Nabisco
Leo Hirschfield, names it after his daughter
England 36 million pound of chocolate, Europeans 100 million pounds and the US 26 million pounds of chocolate.
Rodolphe Lindt sold his secret formula for fondant chocolate to David Sprungli for 1.5 million Swiss francs
Milton S. Hershey
Near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Frank and Ethel Mats build company in Tacoma, Washington
Jean Neuhaus, Jr.
The Whitman Company produced Whitman's Samplers
L.S. Heath & Sons, Inc. made in Robinson, Illinois
They also add the flag to the wrapping
Peter Paul Halijian works under the name Peter Paul Mounds
H.B. Reese, uses Hersey's milk chocolate
Company moved to Delaware
L.S. Heath & Sons, Inc. Candy can be bought on home-delivered dairy order form.
Becomes largest commercial chocolate ms. Started in Chicago, Illinois.
Forrest Mars and Bruce Murrie joins forces
Makes first Rocky Road candy bar
Cadbury chocolate business merges with the Schweppes soft drinks
Becomes largest chocolate company
Tries to sell to Saudi Arabia, China, and Russia
Makes Nestle largest chocolate manufacturer
Company buys Peter Paul
Add three times more peanuts