Specific restriction nucleases are identified, opening the war for gene cloning. Gene cloning is important because it is a stepping stone to being able to cure genetic diseases
Diamond v. Chakrabarty
The U.S. Supreme Court, in the landmark case Diamond v. Chakrabarty approves the principle of patenting genetically engineered life forms. This is important because without this court ruling we wouldn't be able to do the things we can now.
Advanced Genetic Sciences' Frostban
a genetically altered bacterium that inhibits frost formation on crop plants is field tested on strawberry and potato plants in California. This is important because it allows crops to grow without being altered by the frost.
Human Genome Project
congress funds the Human Genome Project a massive effort to map and sequence the human genetic code as well as the genomes of other species. This is important because it has allowed us to map human genes.
The first federally approved gene therapy treatment is performed successfully on a 4-year-old girl suffering from an immune disorder. This is important because it is the first step towards being able to use gene therapy to treat other diseases.
Genetically engineered foods
The FDA declared that genetically engineered foods are not inherently dangerous and do not require special regulation. This has allowed for many genetically engineered foods to be made and put to good use.
Breast Cancer Gene
The first breast cancer gene is discovered. This is very important because it was the first step at finding a cure for this cancer.
Scottish scientists report cloning a sheep using DNA from adult sheep cells. This is important because it was a new discovery and took genetics and what we can do with genetics a step further.
Human Genome Map
A rough draft of the human genome map is produced, showing the locations of more than 30,000 genes. This is very important because it is the start of being able to target genetic diseases.
Human Genome is Published
The sequence of the human genome is published in Science and Nature, making it possible for researchers all over the world to begin developing genetically based treatments for disease. This is important because it started the search for cures for genetic diseases.