Louis the fourteenth became king in 1643. After the death of his father Louis the thirteenth. He was only three years old.
The Sun king
1643 - 1715
The Sun King was a nickname that King Louis XIV received because he chose the sun as his personal symbol. Some sources state that “the Sun King” was a nickname that the king called himself, but others say it was given to him by his subjects.
Louis fights Disastrous wars
Under Louis, France was the most powerful country in Europe. In 1660, France had about 20 million people. This was four times as many England and ten times as many as the Dutch republic.
Louis takes over the government
When cardinal Mazarin died in 1661 the 22 year old Louis took control of the government himself. He weakened the power of the nobles by excluding them from his councils.
The rebuilding of the palace of Versailles
1661 - 1682
Beginning in 1661, the king transformed the royal hunting lodge in Versailles where he played as a boy into a monument of royal opulence. In 1682 Louis XIV officially moved his court to the lavish palace at Versailles, 13 miles outside of Paris.
Louis attempts to expand Frances boundaries
Louis invaded the Spanish Netherlands in an effort to expand Frances boundaries. Through this campaign he gained 12 towns
Edict of Nantes
In 1685, he canceled the Edict of Nantes, which protected the religious freedom of Huguenots. In response, thousands of Huguenots, artisans, and business people fled the country.
King of Spain
The childless king of Spain,Charles the second died after promising his throne to Louis 16 year old grandson, Phillip of Anjour.
War of the Spanish succession
1701 - 1714
The costly war dragged on until 1714. The treaty of Utrecht was signed in that year. Under its terms, Louis's grandson was allowed to remain king of Spain so long as the thrones of France and Spain were not united.
Louis XIV death
News of his death prompted rejoicing through out France. The people had had enough of the sun king.