The Expansion of Europe

Main

Papacy of Leo IX

1049 CE - 1054 CE

Norman conquest of England

1066 CE

Battle of Manzikert

1071 CE

Papacy of Gregory VII

1073 CE - 1085 CE

"Letter to Gregory VII"

1075 CE

Investiture Conflict

1075 CE - 1122 CE

"Letter to Hermann of Metz"

1076 CE

Reign of Alexius I Comnenus

1081 CE - 1118 CE

Conquest of Toledo

1085 CE

Doomesday Book

1086 CE

al-Andalus under Almoravid control

1094 CE

The First Crusade

1096 CE - 1099 CE

Commune at Milan Established

1097 CE

"Letter to His Wife"

1098 CE

Crusader States

1099 CE - 1291 CE

Concordat at Worms

1122 CE

"Decretum"

1140 CE

Death of Peter Abelard

1142 CE

"The Conquest of Lisbon"

1147 CE - 1148 CE

The Second Crusade

1147 CE - 1149 CE

Death of St Bernard

1153 CE

"The First Crusade"

1200 CE