Franks started as multiple Germanic tribes that migrated from northern Europe into Gaul.
481 - 751
The Franks were united by King Clovis in 509 AD. He founded the Merovingian Dynasty which would rule the Franks for 200 years. Clovis lead the Franks to many victories and converted to Christianity. He was the first king to be recognized as king by the Pope.
742 - 814
Charlemagne was the greatest ruler of the Franks. He expanded the empire to rule a large portion of Europe. He brought lots of reforms to the Franks including written laws, a strong government, and a monetary standard.
751 - 843
Pepin the Short took power with the support of the Frankish nobles. He began the Carolingian Dynasty. Charlemagne's death made the government uncentralized and not strong. Invasions destroyed the empire.
Holy Roman Empire
800 - 1806
Pope crowned Charlemagne the first Holy Roman Emperor. He was considered the protector of the Catholic Church and leader of the monarchs of Europe.
Charlemagne's grandson fought for control of the empire. He signed the Treaty of Verdun, dividing the empire into 3 Kingdoms each belonging to one of his grandsons.