National History 1796-1920

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Marbury v. Madison

1803

The court established the exercise of judicial rule and overturned the Judiciary Act of 1789

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Thomas Jefferson purchased of over 800,000 square miles of land from France for 15 million dollars. Iowa is included within this purchase.

New Jersey Abolishes Slavery

1804

Louis and Clark Begin their Expedition

1804

Transcontinental expedition commissioned by T. Jefferson to reach the Pacific

Transcontinental Slave Trade Ends

1808

The slave trade ends and no new slaves are legally shipped from Africa/The Caribbean into the United States.

War of 1812

1812

Also sometimes referred to as the Second American Revolution

It was the first war as a country against the British and their Indian allies. Part of the conflict occurred because of British support for the indigenous population against the United States

Birth of a Nation is released

1815

Wilson calls it one of the most historically accurate films created

Missouri Compromise

1820

Prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Purchase north of the 36, 30 line. (with the exception of Missouri)

Monroe Doctrine

1823

U.S. policy which stated that if European powers attempted to colonize any land in North or South America it would be perceived by the U.S. as agression and would require the American government to intervene.

The Second Great Awakening

1830

Protestant revival movement

Indian Removal Act

1830

Put into law by Andrew Jackson. This act allowed Jackson to discuss the removal and relocation of Indians to the West of the Mississippi.

Nat Turner Slave Revolt

1831

Slave revolt in Virginia which led to 60 whites being killed and over 100 blacks

Democracy in America

1835

Alexis De Tocqueville publishes Democracy in America

Trail of Tears

1838

The forced removal of the Cherokee nation across the southeastern portion of the United States

Annexation of Texas

1845

Resulted in the Mexican-American War

Iowa becomes a state

1846

Wilmot Proviso

1846

A major event which led to the Civil War. It banned slavery in any state entering the Union through the land acquired in the Mexican-American War

The Compromise of 1850

1850

Intended to keep Northern and Southern interests balanced, but eventually led to the outbreak of the Civil War

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Nullifies the Missouri Compromise and makes slavery a question of popular sovereignty

Bleeding Kansa

1856

Also known as the Pottawatomie Massacre.
John Brown and other abolitionists respond to the passing of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and as a result 4 settlers from Kansas are killed.

Dred Scott Decision

1856

It upheld that the government had no right to regulate slavery in the American territories and blacks were not protected by the constitution and thus regardless of free or slave, they were not citizens

John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry

1859

Abraham Lincoln Elected 16th President

1860

South Carolina Becomes the First State to Succeed from the Union

1860

1 month after Lincoln's election

American Civil War Begins

1861

The Battle of Fort Sumter

Homestead Act

1862

160 acres of unappropriated land given to settlers by the federal government. Intended for Free-soilers

Morrill Land-Grant Acts

1862

Allowed for the creation of Land-grant colleges.

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

Frees slaves in rebel states

End of Civil War/ Lincoln's Assassination

1865

13th Amendment

1865

Outlaws Slavery

Freedman's Bureau

1865

14th Ammendment

1868

Citizenship clause; overrules the Dred Scot Decision

Transcontinental Railroad Complete

1869

Completed in the Utah Territory

15th Amendment

1870

Cannot deny citizens the right to vote

Panic of 1873

1873

Recession that triggers a depression

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

Excluded Chinese from entering the U.S. for a period of 10 years

Open Door Policy

1899

With China

Niagara Falls Conference

1905

The first meeting of the Niagara movement- instrumental in forming the NAACP- W.E.B. Du Bois

WWI Begins

1914

U.S. enters WWI

1917

19th Amendment

1920

Women gain the right to vote