Untitled timeline

Main

Rome Falls

500

Germanic Kingdoms Begin

501

Frankish Kings:
Clovis, Charles Martel, Charlemagne

Treaty of Verdun

502

Divides the Carolingian Empire after Charlemagne's death

Rise of Feudalism

503

Political and Social system that bring back social structure through Lords and Vassals

Manor System

505

Economic system involving the distribution of fiefs to become self-sufficient

Religion

506

focus on salvation and a fear of damnation
Cannon Law = church law
Monastic Life : monks and nuns devoting to spiritual life
Benedictine Rule : regimented daily routine in monastic life

Church Reforms

507

Berno - brings back Benedictine rule
Pope Gregory VII - outlaws law investiture and marriage of priests
Religious orders established

New Agriculture * High Middle Ages

508

climate improvement
wheeled plow
rotation of the 3 fields
watermills, dams, and windmills used to energy

New Commerce

510

Trade between Muslim and Christian world
commercial capitalism
use of banking increases
coins used more frequently
trade fairs --- formation of cities
guild - streets street with people of same craft - union

Rise of Monarchy in Europe

511

Agricultural success + commercial network = centralized monarchy

1st Crusade

513

Pope Urban II calls war on Muslims in Jerusalem
massacre Muslims, killing men, women, and children

2nd Crusade

514

St. Bernard convinces people to fight and regain Jerusalem
they fail

3rd Crusade

515

Christians Lose
Saladin allows Christians to access Jerusalem

4th Crusade

516

Crusaders sack Constantinople
never reaches Jerusalme