Brown vs. Education II was a court order that stated all schools needed to integrate "with all deliberate speed."
Rosa Parks (Bus Refusal)
December 1, 1955
Rosa Parks was a civil rights activist who refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a segregated bus. She was prosecuted for not sitting in the back of the bus.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
December 5, 1955 - December 20,1956
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a civil rights protest where African Americans refused to ride the bus because segregated seating. The Boycott lasted over a year until equal rights were established within the busing system.
Meeting with Fred Gray (Desegregate Troy State)
Fred Gray was a predominate lawyer that represented Rosa Parks in here civil case. John Lewis meets with Gray to discuss desegregating Troy State. John Lewis decides not to fight for the desegregation of Troy State.
February 1, 1960
Four African American Students sat down at Woolworth's lunch counter where they were refused service due to the color of their skin. This was a highly covered event by news and television outlets. The students remained seated until the close of operating hours.
Looby House bombing
April 19, 1960
Dynamite was thrown at the front of Mr and Mrs. Lobby's house. They were asleep in the bedrooms in the back of the house. They were not severely hurt by the blast. The blast damaged the front of their home and severely damaged their neighbors home as well.
Nashville Sit-In (first sucessful Sit-In)
May 10, 1960
Six downtown stores served black customers for the first time in Nashville, Tennessee. This was the after math of numerous sit downs which demonstrators used none violence techniques.
John F. Kennedy defeats Nixon
November 8, 1960
John F. Kennedy defeats Nixon 303 to 219 in the 1960 Presidential Election. This was the first time where all 50 states participated in the selection of a Presidential Nominee.
First Freedom Ride
May 4, 1961
The first Freedom ride encompassed 2 buses bound for New Orleans from Washington D.C. The Freedom Riders were protesting a ruling that favored segregation within intersate bus travel.
Twenty-seven Freedom Riders, headed for New Orleans, were arrested as soon as they arrived in Jackson, Mississippi.
E.H Hurst Murders Hurbert Lee
September 25 1961
Lee Herbert was the first African American killed due to his involvement in SNCC. Hurst ran to Lees truck gunned him down after Lee refused to talk to him. Hurst was arrested and said to be not guilty by an all white jury.
Cairo Swimming pool demonstration
Approx. July 1962
A peaceful protest within Cairo Illinois aimed to end segregation of a whites only recreational facility
James Meredith escorted into "Ole Miss"
October 1 1962
James Meredith attempted to enroll at an all white university Ole Miss where riots brook out ending with 2 dead.
George Wallace sworn in as Governor
January 14 1963
George Wallace took the oath of office as Alabama’s governor. He stated “Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever!”
The good Friday Parade
April 12 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr., Ralph Abernathy, Fred Shuttlesworth and others were arrested in a Birmingham, Alabama
The Children’s Crusade in Birmingham
May 2 1963 - May 3 1963
Thousands of students left schools to march for civil rights were they were met by police with dogs and fire hoses.
Medgar Evers shot to death
June 12 1963
Medgar Evers was a civil rights activist was gunned down while walking to his front door.
The a day where 100s of African Americans came to register to vote. Hot day were told if anyone left the line they wouldn't have the opportunity to register to vote. Kept members of the community away from feeding and providing the non-violent protesters water.
President Kennedy's assassination
November 22 1963
President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas Texas while in a motorcade during a campaign visit.
The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) was founded
April 26 1964
Launched The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party members appealed to the credentialing committee of the DNC to recognize their party delegates.
Murders of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner
June 21 1964
Three young civil rights activist were murdered in Neshoba County. The three came to investigate the Mt. Zion United Methodist Church burning.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Signed
July 2 1964
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed by Lyndon B. Johnson. The act ended segregation in public places, and banned employment discrimination.
Republican National Convention
July 13 1964 - july 16 1964
The Republican primaries of 1964 featured Nelson Rockefeller and Barry Goldwater as the two leading candidates. Barry Goldwater easily won due to his conservative views.
Bodies of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner discovered
August 4 1964
the remains of the three young men were found. The state of Mississippi made no arrests but they did identify the bodies.
"Marchers crossed the Edmund Pettus Bridge where white state troopers assaulted them, knocking many to the ground and beating them with nightsticks. Another detachment of troopers fired tear gas while mounted troopers charged them."