The Greeks were the first people to put as much emphasis on disease prevention as they did on the treatment of disease conditions.
The Romans furthered the work of the Greeks in the study of human anatomy and the practice of surgery.
Hippocrates came from the Asclepian tradition. Hippocrates developed a theory of disease causation consistent with the philosophy of nature by leading philosophers of his day.
Also know as the bubonic plague. The death toll was the higher and the disruption of society greater than from any war, famine, or natural disaster in history.
The middle ages also saw epidemics of other communicable diseases, including smallpox, diphtheria, measles, influenza, tuberculosis, anthrax, and trachoma.
The Renaissance, which means "rebirth", was a time period that was characterized by a gradual change in thinking.
The 1700's were a period of revolution, industrialization, and growth of cities. Both the French and American Revolution took place during this century.
Congress passed the Marine Hospital Service Act. Previously, sailors in the merchant marine had nowhere to turn for health care.
Health status improved little. Conditions of overcrowding, poverty, and fifth worsened as the Industrial Revolution encouraged more and more people to move to the cities.
The Social Security Act of 1935 was a real milestone and the beginning of the federal government's involvement in social issues, including health.