Committees of Correspondence meet to discuss the situation with Great Britain
The Continental Congress meets with delegates from 12 colonies, including John and Samuel Adams. Congress agrees on the "Association," an agreement that stops trade with Britain unless the Coercive Acts arerepealed
Paul Revere and others warn colonists about the British plan for a siege on Boston.
The British exchange volleys with colonial militias at Lexington and Concord. British soldiers are routed by minutemen on their way to Boston.
The Continental Army is formed with George Washington as the head when the Second Continental Congress convenes. Delegates fret about declaring independence from England, but not everybody is in favor of it and they do not want a small clique to go against the rest of the population.
The British conquer Bunker Hill, although they suffer many casualties.
The British pass the Prohibitory Act, which blockades American ports. Lord Dunmore, Virginia's governor, offers slaves full British citizenship if they flee their masters and join the British military.
Thomas Paine publishes "Common Sense," which expresses the feelings of many Americans and criticizes the king. It became a democratic manifesto.
The Declaration of Independence is passed, written by Thomas Jefferson it expresses America's problems with Britain and the king.
Generel Sir William Howe defeats the Continental Army at the Battle of Long Island, although in retrospect he loses an opportunity to destroy the army and end the war. After this battle, Washington rejects "general actions" and guerilla warfare. Instead, he decides to stay one step ahead of the British, his only goal being to keep his army alive. Howe issues a general pardon to anyone who swears allegiance to the king.
After sneaking across the Delaware River, the Continental Army attacks Trenton, taking hundreds of Hessians, German mercenaries, by surprise. Trapped by Lord Cornwallis, the army then avoids a battle and sneaks away in the night.
General John Burgoyne planned to conquer the Hudson Valley, but was forced to surrender after being cornered by the elusive General Horatio Gates at Saratoga.
2500 American soldiers die during the cold winter at Valley Forge, and many lose hope.
Louis XVI, King of France, proposes the Treaty of Alliance, which ensures that France will fight Britain until the United States gains independence. The United States promises that they will not sign a peace treaty without France's approval.
The Earl of Carsile is sent to the Americas to offer peace. If the Americans agree to drop the cause for independence they can tax themselves, but they do not agree.
General Henry Clinton captures Charlestown, South Carolina in an attempt to gain control of the South.
North Carolina backcountrymen defeat a British force in a vicious battle at King's Mountain.
General Nathaniel Greene teams up with Daniel Morgan to weaken Cornwallis's force at Cowpen's South Carolina.
Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, Virginia after being surrounded by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington's force.