Louis Braille was born in the village of Coupvray, France on January 4, 1809. He lost his sight at a very young age in an accident. At eleven years old, Braille started to modify Charles Barbier’s “night writing” code in an effort to create a written communication system for fellow blind individuals. One year earlier he was enrolled at the National Institute of the Blind in Paris. He spent the better part of the next nine years developing and refining the system of raised dots that has come to be known by his name, Braille.