WORLD WAR I

Main

Allliance - Germany, Austria & Russia

1870

Germany sought an alliance with Austria-Hungary and Russia. France was angry with Germany for taking Alsace and Lorraine during the Franco-Prussian War.

Germany & Austria

1879

Germany created a dual alliance, under which Austria-hungary agreed that each would help the other if either was attacked by Russia

Triple Alliance

1882

Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy became the triple alliance

Treaty not renewed

1890

Germany failed to renew a treaty with Russia. France found an ally in Russia.

Enteente Cordiale - Britian & France

1904

Britain signed the Entente Cordiale with France

Triple Entente

1907

Britain, France and Russia made the triple Entente.

Austria took 2 turkish provinces

1908

Austria took two Turkish Balkan provinces; Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Germany

1914

The German Naval fleet was trapped in its ports, so the British navy’s main role was maintaining a blockade to prevent Germany from importing War materials. Germany retaliated by sending out U-Boats to sink allied shipping.

With most of Germany’s navy stuck in port, Germany was unable to defend its colonies and South-Africa took German South-west Africa, Australia took German New Guinea, and Japan took Germany’s pacific islands colonies and territory in China.

Assassination of Heir

6/28/1914

Assassination of the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, the Duchess Sophie in the Bosnian town of Sarajevo was the trigger for World War 1.

Austria declared War on Serbia

7/23/1914 - 7/28/1914

Austria presented Serbia with an ultimatum (a final set of demands backed by a threat). Austria knew Serbia would never agree to all the terms, but did agree to some.

Serbia accepted many of the demands and offered to discuss others but Austria proceeded to declare war.

Germany attacked France though Belgium

8/1914

Germany attacked France through Belgium

Germany declared War on Russia

8/1/1914

Germany declared war on Russia who was supporting Serbia

Frace declared War on France

8/3/1914

France stood by Russia and declared war on France.

1914, SEPTEMBER

9/1914

Germany’s failed to attack France because of strong Belgian resistance. This delayed Germany’s advance and helped France and British forces to halt the Germans in northern France. Trench warfare began.

Allies withdrawer frrom Gallipoli

1915

The Allies withdrawer from Gallipoli.

The Anzacs land at Gallipoli

4/25/1915

Russian forces captured Armenia from Turkey, Turkish soldiers massacred hundreds of thousands of Armenians – the ANZACS land at Gallipoli

1915, MAY

5/1915

Italy withdrew from the Triple alliance and joined the Allies. Allies consisted of Greece, Portugal, Romania, Japan, China, Brazil and the small countries of Central America.

Austria and Germmany overran Romania

1916

Austrian and German troops overran Romania soon after it joined the Allies

America and US joined the Allies

4/1917

America and United States joined the Allies

Russia leaves War

11/1917

Revolution in Russia leads to Russian withdrawal from the war.