Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon design a set of tests that focus on mental abilities rather than learned information. These tests would concentrate on memory and attention and became the basis today's IQ test.
Council for Exceptional Children
Founded in 1922, this council advocates for gifted and talented students as well as those with disabilities. The council also advocates for parents, teachers, and administrators of the aforementioned students.
Leo Kanner identifies autism
Kanner published "Autism Disturbances of Affective Contact". In the work, he writes of eleven cases, the majority of which are boys displaying characteristics he would call "autism".
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)
Supreme Court decision ruling that segregation had no place in education. This ultimately gave parents of students with disabilities grounds to argue that their children were not being served adequately.
Blatt and Kaplan publish Christmas in Purgatory
B. Blatt and F. Kaplan published photographic essay intended for the American public to raise awareness in the field of mental health. Ignited a huge movement of people from institutions to the community.
Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EACHA)
This act required any public school who receives federal funding to provide students with disabilities the same access to education as general education students. Under this act, schools must also evaluate students' disabilities and work with their parents to formulate an education plan.
Americans with Disabilities Act
Civil rights law prohibiting any discrimination to individuals based on a disability. This law also provides for reasonable accommodations to persons with disabilities.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
The EAHCA is renamed IDEA. Under this law all eligible children with a disability must be provided with a free public education. These students must also receive any necessary related services.
No ChIld Left Behind Act (NCLB)
This law centered around standards-based education reform that centered around measurable goals and improving individual outcomes.. In order to receive federal funding, states had to give assessments to all students at a certain grade level.
The law replaced federal language to replace the term "mental retardation" with "intellectual disability". Named after Rosa Marcellino who, along with her family, have worked to remove derogatory terms associated with conditions like Down Syndrome.