Vehicle Safety

Private

('22) Duesenburg - 4 Wheel Hydraulic Brakes

1922

('24) Cadillac - Safety Glass

1924

('34) GM - Barrier Crash Test

1934

('49) Chrysler - Disc Brakes Standard

1949

('49) Saab - Safety Cage

1949

('58) Saab - Seat Belts Standard

1958

('59) American Motors - Optional Front Head Rests

1959

('59) Volvo - 3-Point Front Seat Belt Standard

1959

('67) Volvo - 3-Point Rear Belt Standard

1967

('74) GM - Created First Airbag

1974

('78) Mercedes - Production Car w/ Electronic ABS

1978

('81) Mercedes - Production Car w/ Front Airbags

1981

('87) Mercedes/BMW - Developed Traction Control

1987

('94) Volvo - Side Airbags

1994

('95) Mercedes/Toyota - Production Car w/ Electronic Stability Control

1995

Government

('58) UN - World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations

1958

('64) Front Lap Belt

1964

('66) National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act

1966

('66) Department of Transportation Created

1966

('66) White Reverse Lights

1966

('66) Rear Lap Belt

1966

('66) Padded Instrument Panel

1966

('68) Side Marker Lights

1968

('68) Collapsible Steering Column

1968

('68) Front Shoulder Seat Belt

1968

('69) Head Restraints

1969

('70) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Created

1970

('74) 3-Point Front Seat Belt

1974

('79) NHTSA - Crash Test Popular Cars

1979

('86) 3rd Rear Center Brake Light

1986

('87) New Car Assessment Program Created

1987

('90) Passive Restraints

1990

('91) Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act

1991

('95) Insurance Institute for Highway Safety - Frontal Offset Crash Test

1995

('03) IIHS - Side Impact Crash Test

2003

('04) NHTSA - Test Rollover Risk

2004

('08) Tire Pressure Monitoring System

2008

('09) NHTSA doubles roof-crush weight to 3x car weight

2009

('12) Electronic Stability Control

2012