Inter War Period

Chapter 27

Italy

Benito Mussolini 1883-1945

1883 - 1945

Victor Emmanuel III is king of Italy 1900-1946

1900 - 1946

Mussolini becomes prime minister 1922

1922

invaded Ethiopia 1935

1935

China

Jiang Jieshi 1887-1945

1887 - 1945

Mao Zedong 1893-1976

1893 - 1976

Republic of China formed under Yuan Shikai 1912

1912

declared war on Germany 1917

1917

May 4th Protests 1919

1919

communist part formed 1921

1921

Chinese Civil War between Guomindang and Communists 1927

1927

Long March- Communists led by Mao Zedong 1934-1935

1934 - 1935

United States

Woodrow Wislon president 1913-1921

1913 - 1921

Roaring 20's Prosperity 1920

1920

United States limit Japanese immigration 1924

1924

Black Tuesday 1929

1929

Herbert Hoover president 1929-1933

1929 - 1933

Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act (Hoover) 1930

1930

Franklin Delano Roosevelt preident; New Deal...1933-1945

1933 - 1945

Middle East

Kemal Ataturk 1881-1938

1881 - 1938

Balfour Declaration 1917

1917

Reza Khan overthrew Shah of Persia 1921

1921

kingdom of Transjordan-Abdullah became king 1921

1921

British mandate of Iraq-Faisal became king 1921

1921

Republic of Turkey established-Kemal Ataturk 1923

1923

Reza crowned Reza Shah Pahlavi 1925

1925

Persia renamed Iran 1935

1935

Germany

Adolf Hitler 1889-1945

1889 - 1945

Weimar Republic 1918-1933

1918 - 1933

inflation, economic depression 1920

1920

Failed attempt to overthrow government 1923

1923

Paul Von Hindenburg president of Weimar Republic 1925-1934

1925 - 1934

Hitler becomes Chancellor 1933

1933

Nuremberg Laws 1935

1935

Kristalllnacht (night of broken glass) 1938

1938

India

Armritsar Massacre 1919

1919

Boycott of British products by Mohandas Gandhi 1920

1920

Gandhi's Salt March 3/12/1930 - 4/5/1930

03/12/1930 - 04/05/1930

Inida gained limited self-rule 1935

1935

Africa

Pan-African Congress 1919

1919

Second Pan-African Congress 1921

1921

Egypt granted independance 1922

1922

Japan

Strikes and Labor Disputes 1920

1920

depression in Japan 1929

1929

military gains control 1930

1930

Manchurian incident 1931

1931

Withdrawal from League of Nations 1933

1933

no longer limited navy 1934

1934

Anit-Comintern Pact-Japan and Germany 1936

1936

Nanjing Massacre 1937

1937

Second Sino-Japanese War 1937-1945

1937 - 1945

Italy joined Anit-Comintern Pact 1937

1937

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere 1940

1940

Soviet Union

Joseph Stalin 1878-1953

1878 - 1953

Stalin becomes General Secretary of Communist Party 1922

1922

first five-year plan 1928

1928

famine in ukraine 1932

1932

Great Purge 1936-1938

1936 - 1938

Spain

Francisco Franco 1892-1975

1892 - 1975

military dictatorship 1923

1923

Republic 1931

1931

Civil War; Fascist government under Franco 1936-1939

1936 - 1939